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[Match thread] VfL Osnabrück VS. Hannover 96 - 2nd match day 2. Bundesliga 20/21

2020.09.25 10:09 ken_f [Match thread] VfL Osnabrück VS. Hannover 96 - 2nd match day 2. Bundesliga 20/21

  1. Bundesliga 2020/21 - Matchday 2 - VfL Osnabrück VS. Hannover 96 [2-1]
Match Info:
Date: September 25th, 2020
Time: 18:30 CET
Venue: Bremer Brücke, Osnabrück
Matchday Squads:
Hannover 96
Line-up Esser - M. Franke, Hübers, Muroya, Hult - D. Kaiser, Frantz, Haraguchi, Bijol - Maina, Ducksch
Substitutes Ratajczak, Basdas, Evina, Muslija, Ochs, Ki. Schindler, Va. Sulejmani, Twumasi, Weydandt
Missing Gudra, Hansen (injury), Stehle, Sündermann, Tarnat
VfL Osnabrück
Line-up Kühn - Ajdini, Beermann, Trapp, Reichel - Klaas, Taffertshofer - Amenyido, Henning, Kerk - Santos
Substitutes Nicolas, Gugganig, Wolze, Blacha, S. Köhler, Multhaup, N. Schmidt, Heider, Ihorst
Missing Augé (injured), Granatowski (injured)

Match Updates:
0' Kick off. The match starts
9' First chance! Frantz with a volley. No problem for Kühn.
14' Another chance. A nice cross by Bijol is followed by a Ducksch header. However, directly in the arms of Kühn.
20' First shot on goal fo Osnabrück. Santos heads the ball in the arms of Esser
21' A good chance for Ducksch. Muroya plays the ball inside of the box. Ducksch turns and shoots but the ball is deflected and goes over the bar.
27' Hannover 96 now with 60% possession and more dominant than in the beginning.
30' A dangerous situation in Hannover's box. Osnabrück's players demand a penalty kick after Franke's tackling. Referee says no foul but VAR is checking.
33' Referee checked the situation on the monitor and changed his view. Penalty for Osnabrück.
34' 1:0 Osnabrück. Santos scores, no chance for Esser.
36' Ajdini pulls with speed towards the penalty area and just shoots on. Esser dives down and secures the imprecise ball without any problems.
44' Haraguchi crosses the ball from the left into the box but Muroya misses the ball by ca. 1 meter.
45' + 2' Free kick for Osnabrück due to a foul by Bijol. Kerk misses the goal.
45' + 3' HALF TIME
46' Second half starts. Neither team changed their line-up.
47' Goal for Osnabrück. Santos to score after a corner kick. No chance for Esser. 2:0.
56' Another dangerous situation for Osnabrück. Amenyido able to pass the ball to Santos inside the box but it is ruled off side.
58' Free kick for Osnabrück. Amenyido shoots from 20m but misses the goal to the left.
59' Another free kick from a dangerous position for Osnabrück. Kerk hits the wall.
61' Substituion. Weydandt replaces Frantz. Schindler replaces Maina.
61' Substitution. Gugganig replaces Beermann.
65' Osnabrück the better team so far in the second half. Hannover struggles to creates chances in the final third.
68' Substitution. Santos is replaced by Heider. Ihorst replaces Klaas
72' Ihorst is able to shoot just outside the box. Fortunately for Hannover the ball is deflected.
73' Substitution. Twumasi and Evina replace Hult and Muroya.
74' Hannover switched formations and now plays with Franke, Bijol and Hübers at the back.
82' Weydandt runs into the box with ball but no able to turn torwards the goal. Osnabrück defends it well.
85' Weydandt with a header after a cross by Twumasi, but he can't place it on goal.
88' Substitution. Multhaup replaces Amenyido
90' + 1' GOAL! 2:1. Ducksch scores after a cross lands luckily on his head.
90' + 3' FULL TIME. Osnabrück wins 2:1.
submitted by ken_f to hannover96 [link] [comments]


2019.07.04 18:01 jw_mentions Possible Discussion on /r/relationship_advice in post "Dating a jehovah's witness"

I am a bot! Please send me a private message with any comments or feedback on how I work.
EDIT: As of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019, the post is at [77pts19c]

About Post:

--- --- Notes
Submission Dating a jehovah's witness
Comments Dating a jehovah's witness
Author cj-225
Subreddit /relationship_advice
Posted On Thu Jul 04 11:26:22 EDT 2019
Score 77 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Total Comments 88

Post Body:

Ok reddit I need your best advice. Long story so bare with!
So my gf (23yo) and I (26yo m) have been dating for about 4 months now. I didnt know her family were JW's for the first few weeks of the relationship.
After she told me I wasn't really bothered by it, it didnt change the way i felt about her and still hasn't at all.
Because shes a JW we kept it quiet from her family as she is worried that she will be " cast out" and completely cut off from her entire family. Which I find is rather brutal, and after several lengthy discussions together it seems there is no way around her losing her parents, sister, family and friends once they eventually find out . . .
It's likely that it will all come out soon so I'm trying to be prepared for that moment and even though I know that losing her family would destroy her she still wants to stick with me even with the threat of that.
My family and I arent really religious at all and have accepted her and treated her as a member of the family from day one. . .which I don't thing my partner has had properly in a long time.
Not sure what else I can add or say at the moment but may edit and add more later!
Any advice would be greatly appreciated!
(edit) . . . Due to certain conditions within family life and the way she has been treated she hasn't believed in their teachings/way of life for a few years, however due to being coerced into being baptised ( or whatever their thing is) she is still technically a witness and is basically living as a virtual prisoner . . .or that's how it seems when we discuss things .

Related Comments (19):

--- --- Notes
Author ConstantShadow
Posted On Thu Jul 04 17:32:24 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 5
Body link
They will not physically assault her as thats a big no. I was baptized and told my parents I didn't believe anymore. I dated my now husband was well behaved in public. My parents wont shun me because they are reasonable and theres no proof Ive done anything wrong.
A religion that wont punish people for molesting kids because they didnt have 2 witnesses should in theory apply that across the board. Some people though will find a reason or her family will consider her a bad influence.
She needs to make a choice. Does she really want to live for a family that isolates her and threatens her because she won't do what they or the organization wants?
Talk to posters in exjw they can help both of you immensely and share experiences
--- --- Notes
Author PorkyFree
Posted On Thu Jul 04 16:22:07 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 2
Body link
Your comment is correct for most religions, but with the JW cult it is far more serious with real consequences. Check out www.jwfacts.com for information on how baptism creates a contract with the cult (in the minds of the victim and their family) - which results is loss of the entire support structure, including all JW family members. There are also heavy internal sanctions carried out against those who leave. It is a very brutal and controlling religion which most people are totally unaware of when they see the well dressed people in their street.
--- --- Notes
Author travelbugcaught
Posted On Fri Jul 05 07:12:21 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 5
Body link
Another ex-jw here. As someone who’s family is full on all jw’s and don’t know I don’t believe anymore (for the sake of being shunned for life) and I’m dating someone who isn’t a witness, I feel for this situation. First question, does she still believe in it? Because if she does I recommend showing her exjw because it’s what helped me wake up from the brainwashing. Jehovahs witnesses are a full cult and I recommend doing everything you can to get her out to save her life. If she wasn’t baptised she could have found a loophole like I have. My boyfriend is still a secret (to my parents, my siblings all know) and I’m planning on telling them soon but I recently told them I don’t go to jw meetings anymore so wanted to give it some space before I announced that too. Honestly I don’t have much advice, except that she needs to get out but she does risk losing her family, so it’s a hard decision.
I really hope it works out okay for you.
--- --- Notes
Author wtfthecanuck
Posted On Thu Jul 04 11:51:42 EDT 2019
Score 25 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Consider reposting on exjw
--- --- Notes
Author hiigus
Posted On Thu Jul 04 15:24:35 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 3
Body link
Hey CJ—I was raised a JW and still have a sister and other family who practice the faith.
There’s a lot of ways it could go depending on her status (is she baptized?) and her relationship with her family. I would say it’s best to be prepared for the worst and that you’ll be there for her if it gets messy (if she is completely disowned by her family, disfellowshipped, and personally struggles because of the loss involved). Communicate on what you could expect and how you can handle it together.
Otherwise, every family is different. I’m an ex JW dating a “worldly” girl, and my JW mom and family still love and talk to me. Everyone’s situation is different. And it really depends on whether she was baptized or not.
--- --- Notes
Author travelbugcaught
Posted On Fri Jul 05 08:00:20 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 3
Body link
Yeah I was the same while I lived out home, I pretty much moved out of home to be able to live freely outside of the religion and have my boyfriend over all the time (it was hard always coming to his house and lying about where I was) and stop going to meetings.
It’s hard unless she admits it’s a cult and she was brainwashed, sadly she’s still controlled by it. Encourage her to research the religion outside of their website because there’s a reason they don’t want people looking on other sites and it exposes them. Getting in touch with her aunt will help.
But as for you, it’ll always be hard no matter what, Jehovah’s Witnesses are very judgey, gossipy and rude people who think they know everything and their way is only right. So it’s more if you’re willing to put up with that for her then that’ll be great.
--- --- Notes
Author MrBriGuy
Posted On Thu Jul 04 14:34:21 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 1
Body link
Exjw here. Anyone outside of the religion (you) is considered bad, and under the influence of Satan. Anyone from her cult upbringing will view you that way. It will be you vs. Her family and friends. The JW religion warps the minds of their members to view the world as bad and the end of it could happen any moment. You, your family and every non JW you know will be obliterated by Jehovah. Only JWs will survive. By her hooking up with you she will be destroyed as well. Its a cult. You can see how warped their world view is.
--- --- Notes
Author GMgoddess
Posted On Thu Jul 04 13:34:46 EDT 2019
Score 9 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Greetings! Ex-JW here. I left the witnesses when I was 17 in part because I wanted to date a guy who was not a witness.
I would help her focus on really looking into the religion to find out what it’s really about. Even after leaving, many witnesses still feel that it’s “the truth” - which causes them guilt, fear and other issues. Once you realize it’s a cult based in irrational beliefs and a sketchy past and present, it’s way easier to move on. As someone else pointed out, the ex-JW Reddit is a great resource and support group for this.
She can’t leave and continue to have a relationship with her parents, unless they leave too, which statistically is pretty unlikely.
But she CAN live a happy fulfilled life. I second that she should seek therapy. Losing your family and entire social circle can be a very traumatic experience and everyone needs support afterwards.
--- --- Notes
Author WashTowelLieBary
Posted On Thu Jul 04 17:45:55 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
exjw here.

I strongly recommend you cut ties with her and block her asap. Save yourself bro.
--- --- Notes
Author HopefulTelephone
Posted On Thu Jul 04 12:25:57 EDT 2019
Score 133 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 15
Body link
exjw here
She eventually gonna have to choose between you n her family. There aint no way around that. And it's gonna be fuckin brutal homie, this aint gonna be some small gradual thing. If she chooses you, she'll be disowned n disfellowshipped. Period.
I've had friends commit suicide over this.
Good luck to ya homeboy.
--- --- Notes
Author AnonymousUnderpants
Posted On Thu Jul 04 13:30:13 EDT 2019
Score 8 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 1
Body link
Her family is more than just "religious." Jehovah's Witnesses are fundamentalist: their belief in, and allegiance to, doctrine is the way they use fear to control their followers (who, of course, call it faith). Deny those beliefs or express any doubt whatsover and you'll be exiled by family and the entire community. Lately, Amber Scorah has been doing a great job of "translating" this for non-fundamentalists in the media. Read her book to understand what you're up against. The bottom line is that the stakes couldn't be higher for your gf, so either way it's going to be a very difficult road.
--- --- Notes
Author PorkyFree
Posted On Thu Jul 04 16:02:21 EDT 2019
Score 22 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Former JW elder here - she is going to get heavily guilt tripped by her JW family for having a relationship with a non JW. They will bully her and threaten her with disfellowshipping. It is very important that you understand the huge emotional pressure that they will bring to bear on her. It is also very important that she does not accept their authority over her, and by this I mean that she should not, under any circumstances, attend the Judicial Committee that they will form. These kangaroo courts are held to discuss her “sins” and in these they will,probe into all her private matters including asking totally inappropriate questions about intimate matters.
I am happy for you to PM me if you want details on how to handle these morons when they start to bully her, which they will do. She needs to remove JWs from her social media as there are a stack of informants who are eager to score points by reporting her to the elders.
There is a lot of helpful info on the JW cult at www.jwfacts.com
--- --- Notes
Author ReyAborealis
Posted On Thu Jul 04 16:19:59 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 3
Body link
Yeah, it did make sense. Trust me, I figured it was all of the reasons you’ve mentioned, I just gave the reasons he gave.
Personally, I was done by time he mentioned marriage and I didn’t know he was a JW until the third date. (He kept changing his faith because he lived in a divorced household where the mother “left” and converted. He’d live two weeks with mom and the other with his dad. Idk weird and exhausting for him.) He stated he was unsure of his religion (while we were friends and the the topic never came up until that 3rd date.)
I loved the guy, he was my best friend for 10 years, and I just hope he is happy now.
--- --- Notes
Author plantwitchvibes
Posted On Thu Jul 04 17:02:47 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
She will have to leave the religion completely and of her own choosing in order for you to have a happy and healthy relationship. Otherwise, she will continue to go to meetings every week and hear about how nonbelievers, INCLUDING YOU, are violent, horrible, selfish people who deserve to die in armageddon.
I left the religion in order to pursue my own life and happiness. I just celebrated 2 years of an amazing relationship, and because of how I've done things, I still get to speak to my family, though they have no problems telling me that they think I've thrown my life away.
This is all on her. There is nothing you can do to speed up this process or convince her or even help her decide what she wants to do. The indoctrination is deep, and some people struggle with it their whole lives.
Tell her to look at exjw, and if shes not ready to leave the religion, shes not ready for a relationship with a nonbeliever. Because she will always choose it over you so long as she has one foot in the door. That's how it works.
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Author RobotConvert
Posted On Thu Jul 04 23:29:45 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
exJW here. i was a convert. i’d recommend saving yourself any difficulty and break ties.
if you can have her go to the exJW subreddit we may be able help her.
--- --- Notes
Author AquarianSun
Posted On Fri Jul 05 00:27:33 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Jehovah’s Witnesses are fucked up. My ex-wife and her sibling managed to escape from their JW home, but it is some fucked up people.
--- --- Notes
Author ThrowawayConfess7
Posted On Fri Jul 05 01:57:46 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 5
Body link
Visit exjw FUCK this cult, it is ruining my fucking life and so many others....... fuck this cult man
--- --- Notes
Author the_kevinly_class
Posted On Thu Jul 04 16:00:47 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 4
Body link
As an ExJW, I can assure you he was lying when he said that university and financial independence were the reasons you weren’t considered “marriage material”. The simple fact that you weren’t a JW was the deal breaker.
When he told his elders (they’re not called priests btw) that he was dating a “worldly girl” - as they call non-JWs - they would’ve told him the dangers of the impact you would have on his spirituality, that your evil wordly ways would rub off on him, and would’ve read him a scripture that says “marry only in the lord” which they interpret to mean only marry other JWs.
And yes, dating in JW culture is strictly for the purpose of figuring out if you want to marry that particular person. That’s why after only 2 dates he was already talking about marriage material. JWs don’t date simply for the sake of having a closer relationship with someone and spending more time with them. It’s something you do when you’re ready for marriage with someone else who is also ready for marriage who you think you may want to marry and want to see if you’re compatible. (I hope that sentence made sense lol)
--- --- Notes
Author ziddina
Posted On Fri Jul 05 15:14:50 EDT 2019
Score 1 as of Mon Jul 22 01:10:27 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
From the ex-JW reddit, a search on the topic of depression among JWs:
https://www.reddit.com/exjw/search/?q=jw%20depression&restrict_sr=1
Don't read too many of those threads, as they are very depressing.
submitted by jw_mentions to jw_mentions [link] [comments]


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Main Maike Chali Jaungi 29th April 2019 Full Episode 165
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Yeh Rishtey Hai Pyaar Ke 29th April 2019 Full Episode 31
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Naagin S3 (2019) Episode 95 720p/480p HD x264 28th April
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Triple Frontier (2019 ITA/ENG) [WEBdl] [1080p x265]
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After.2019.iTALiAN.MD.720p.HDTS.V2.x264-iSTANCE
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Close
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Kim Possible TRUEFRENCH WEBRIP 2019
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Miraï, ma petite soeur FRENCH DVDRIP 2019
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Arctic FRENCH DVDRIP 2019
What Men Want FRENCH WEBRIP 2019
Avengers Endgame Free Download HDTC MultiAudio
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Cheat India Free Download HD 1080p
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Game of Thrones Season 8 Episode 3 Subtitle Indonesia
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Boruto: Naruto Next Generations Episode 104 Subtitle Indonesia
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Red Hamlet: The Life and Ideas of Alexander Bogdanov
Tempting Peruvian Recipes: A Complete Cookbook of South American Dish Ideas!
An Introduction to Neural Network Methods for Differential Equations
Dream Horse: The Incredible True Story of Dream Alliance: the Allotment Horse who Became a Champion
Ideal Plate Composition
Not Born in Singapore
Green Mobile Devices and Networks: Energy Optimization and Scavenging Techniques
Delphi Complete Works of Polybius (Illustrated)
Fortnight How To Draw: How To Draw Fortnight Book
Applications of Markov Chains in Chemical Engineering
Computeractive - 10 April 2019
Nikon: The Complete Manual, 9th Edition
Linux Format UK - May 2019
British GQ - May 2019
The Complete Photoshop Manual, Volume 17
WebUser - Issue 472, 03 April 2019
Amateur Photographer - 6 April 2019
BBC Top Gear Malaysia - April 2019
BBC Easy Cook UK - April 2019
What Hi-Fi? UK - May 2019
JavaScript in Action – Build 3 Useful Code Components
Deep Learning: Advanced Computer Vision
Tai Lopez – 6 Figure Ecomm Agency
The Portrait Masters – One Strobe on Location
Yous – Apex eCommerce 2019 (Elite eCommerce Development – Print on Demand)
Python MTA 98-381 Exam Complete Preparation Course + Tips
Lynda – Particular 3 for After Effects Essential Training (updated Apr 8, 2019)
Dave Ying – eCom Superheroes
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Using T-SQL Functions and Summarizing Results
Game Of Thrones S08E03 1080p AMZN WEB-DL DDP5 1 H264-GoT
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Vice 2018 BluRay 1080p HEVC DTS-HD MA5.1-DDR
The Blacklist S06E19 HDTV x264-KiLLERS
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Generation Zero-CODEX
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Adobe Xd Cc v18.0.12.9 (Mac OSX)
Avanquest Architect 3D Landscape Design 2017 v19.0.8 (Mac OSX)
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Waves 10 Complete v16.4.2019 OSX
Adobe XD CC v18.1.12 MacOS
Autodesk AutoCAD 2019.0.1MacOS
IK Multimedia AmpliTube 4 Complete 4.8.2 (Mac Osx)
Simulation Lab Software SimLab Composer 9.v9.1.15 Mac
Adobe Premiere Pro CC 2019 v13.1.1 MacOS
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Cinesamples Piano in Blue v2.3b (KONTAKT)
Best Service Artist Grooves (INTAKT) [ISO]
BandLab Cakewalk v25.03.0.20 x64-R2R
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Overloud TH-U Complete 1.0.3 x86 x64 + British Classics Rig
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Mercedes-Benz WIS-ASRA 01-2019 UPDATE
Midas NFX 2019 R2 buld 20190222 (x86/x64)
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Spider Man Into The Spider Verse 2018 3D 1080p BluRay x264-VETO
The Lego Movie 2 The Second Part 2019 2160p UHD BluRay HEVC Atmos TrueHD7 1-TERMiNAL
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GiliSoft Video Editor 11.3.0 Multilingual
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Avengers Endgame 2019 Dual Audio Hindi HDCAM 1.2GB
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Radio Star Episode 1 Eng Sub (2018) Korea Drama
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Обыкновенное сердце / The Normal Heart 2014
Музыка сердца / Music of the Heart 1999
Последний король Шотландии / The Last King of Scotland 2006
Небеса обетованные 1991
Синдбад: Легенда семи морей / Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas 2003
Зачарованные / Charmed 2018
Баптист / Baptiste 2019
Лунатики / Lunatics 2019
Тихуана / Tijuana / Τιχουάνα 2019
Самая яркая звезда в ночном небе / The brightest star in the night sky / Ye kong zhong zui shan liang de xing 2020
Зверь / The Beast 2009
Красная линия / The Red Line 2019
Эволюция Черепашек - ниндзя / Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2018
Защитник / The Protector 2018
Жизнь в деталях / Life in Pieces 2015
Игра престолов / Game of Thrones 2011
Миллиарды / Billions 2016
Детство Шелдона / Young Sheldon 2017
ОА / Первая / The OA 2016
Покои / Chambers 2019
Хадсон и Рекс / Hudson & Rex 2019
Холландс Хоуп / Hollands Hoop 2014
МатьОтецСын / MotherFatherSon 2019
Сын / The Son 2017
Время монстров / The Head Hunter 2018
Работающие мамы / Workin' Moms 2017
Родина / Homeland 2011
Выкуп / Ransom 2017
Империя / Empire 2015
Американские боги / American Gods 2017
Связывание / Bonding 2019
Новый агент МакГайвер / MacGyver 2016
След 2007
Светлячок / Firefly 2002 смотреть онлайн на ArtHDCinema.it в высоком отличном HD качестве бесплатно
Доказанная невиновность / Proven Innocent 2019
Время не остановить / O Tempo Não Para 2018
Гоморра / Gomorra: La serie 2014
Чёрный список / The Blacklist 2013
Рапунцель: Новая история / Tangled: The Series 2017
Воин / Warrior 2019
Династия / Dynasty 2017
Убийства / The Murders 2019
Правосудие / Дилемма / The Fix 2019
Виски Кавалер / Whiskey Cavalier 2019
Полиция Чикаго / Chicago P.D. 2014
Ослепительно / Nuni busige 2019
Антигерои / No Heroics 2008
Северная сторона / Northern Exposure 1990
Жирным шрифтом / The Bold Type 2017
Звёздная принцесса и силы зла / Star vs. the Forces of Evil 2015
Брокмайр / Brockmire 2017
Роковой патруль / Патруль судьбы / Doom Patrol 2019
Бруклин девять - девять / Бруклин 9 - 9 / Brooklyn Nine - Nine 2013
Пожарная служба Такомы / Tacoma FD 2019
Воскресший Эртугрул / Dirilis: Ertugrul 2014
Курс биологии / A.P. Bio 2018
Во тьме / In the Dark 2019
Маша и Медведь 2009
В пустыне смерти / Into the Badlands 2015
Лего Ниндзяго: Мастера Кружитцу / LEGO Ninjago: Masters of Spinjitzu 2011
Орвилл / The Orville 2017
Теория большого взрыва / The Big Bang Theory 2007
Код Красный / Red Joan 2018
Нуреев. Белый ворон / The White Crow 2018
Пункт / Aitem / Item 2019
Мстители: Финал / Avengers: Endgame 2019
Сверхъестественное / Supernatural 2005
Плащ и Кинжал / Cloak & Dagger 2018
Готэм / Gotham 2014
Достичь искренности / Jinsimi dahda 2019
Частные сыщики / Private Eyes 2016
Фалько / Falco 2018
Идеальное свидание / The Perfect Date 2019
Чокнутая / Re loca 2018
Фосс - Вердон / Fosse - Verdon 2019
Топ - звезда Ю Бэк / Topseuta Yubaeki 2018
Орлы юриспруденции / Rigal hai 2019
Чикаго в огне / Пожарные Чикаго / Chicago Fire 2012
Ворон / Kuzgun / Raven 2019
Кобра Кай / Cobra Kai 2018
Милые обманщицы: Перфекционистки / Pretty Little Liars: The Perfectionists 2019
Чем мы заняты в тени / What We Do in the Shadows 2019
А теперь - апокалипсис / Now Apocalypse 2019
Хорошая борьба / The Good Fight 2017
Ривердэйл / Riverdale 2017
Хэппи / Happy ! 2017
Звезда / Star 2016
Спецназ / SEAL Team 2017
Сумеречная зона / The Twilight Zone 2019
Босх / Bosch 2014
Сита и Рама / Siya Ke Ram 2015
Чи / The Chi 2018
Розуэлл, Нью - Мексико / Roswell, New Mexico 2019
Благослови этот бардак / Bless This Mess 2019
Последний настоящий гангстер / The Last O.G. 2018
Ты расскажи, Карадениз / Sen Anlat Karadeniz 2018
Охотники за наживой / Bounty Hunters 2017
Кодекс / The Code 2019
Деревня / The Village 2019
Хорошие девчонки / Good Girls 2018
submitted by verliesd123 to u/verliesd123 [link] [comments]


2019.03.16 20:29 T5U99 RSO Concert Band Project #3- Monster Hunter: Proof of a Hero

Hello all!
I decided to speed things up compared to the previous Concert Band project, so I chose Proof of a Hero from Monster Hunter. It is a mostly quick piece with shifting keys, a bold melody, and a beautiful, slow middle section, perfect for a group of fine musicians such as the RSO!

Please name your file as follows: Instrument (part, Reddit and/or Discord name, opt. Name you would like used in credits)
E.g: Horn 1, T5U99

I highly recommend reading over the rehearsal notes before practicing.

Due Date as of now:
Saturday, April 13th

Instrumentation:
Piccolo
Flute 1, 2
Oboe 1, 2
Bassoon 1, 2
B♭ Clarinet 1, 2, 3
Alto Clarinet
Bass Clarinet
E♭ Contralto Clarinet
Alto Sax 1, 2
Tenor Sax
Bari Sax
F Horn 1, 2, 3, 4
Trumpet 1, 2, 3
Trombone 1, 2
Bass Trombone
Euphonium
Tuba
String Bass
Timpani
Chimes
Bells
Xylophone
Marimba
Percussion (Triangle, Snare & Bass Drum)
Crash & Suspended Cymbals
Piano
Harp
*If you have any questions about parts or instruments, feel free to reach out to me*
submitted by T5U99 to TheRedditSymphony [link] [comments]


2018.10.08 04:47 Link2Sora [Arrowverse All Seasons] List of Crossovers, Cameos, and references updated

Last Year I posted this list this is an updated version.
If you know of any others tell me and I'll add it.
Arrow Season 2 Episode 1 – The particle accelerator is first mentioned.
Arrow Season 2 Episode 2 – The particle accelerator in mentioned.
Arrow Season 2 Episode 4– The particle accelerator in mentioned.
Arrow Season 2 Episode 7 – The particle accelerator in mentioned.
Arrow Season 2 Episodes 8 - First part of a two-part Story, Barry is introduced into the Arrowverse. Captain Singh is first mentioned.
Arrow Season 2 Episode 9 – Second part of a two-part story, that introduces Barry into the Arrowverse.
Arrow Season 2 Episode 19 - Introduction of Cisco and Caitlin in the Arrowverse. Iris is first mentioned.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 1 - Barry Talks to Oliver about being a hero
Arrow Season 3 Episode 1- A phone call takes place towards the end of the episode between Oliver and Barry, that canonically happens few minutes before their scene in The Flash premier.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 4 - Felicity visits Central City
The Flash Season 1 Episode 7 - The Clock King from Arrow Season 2, Episode 14 makes an appearance.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 8 - The Flash vs Arrow
Arrow Season 3 Episode 8 - A follow up to the Flash vs Arrow.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 18 - Felicity and Ray come to Central City.
Arrow Season 3 Episode 19 - Cisco makes a short cameo at the end of the episode to lock Deathbolt in the pipeline.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 19 - Laurel shows up so Cisco can give her the canary cry and Detective lance who helps Joe with the mystery.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 22 - Oliver helps fight Eobard. Lian Yu is where Barry wanted to move the metas, Deathbolt, Rainbow Raider, Peek-A-Boo, Weather Wizard and the Mist, that are in the pipeline to.
The Flash Season 1 Episode 23 – First mention of Rip Hunter and how he created time sphere. This also shows the first appearance of the time sphere. Kendra Saunders makes her first appearance in the Arrowverse.
Arrow Season 3 Episode 23 - Barry Cameos, this is the favor that Oliver mentioned he would need Barry help.
Vixen: The Movie – Oliver, Barry, Felicity, Cisco, Laurel, Martin, Jax, and Ray are all featured. Weather Wizard is fought. Oliver is running for Mayor after the time skip. Barry mentions how he kissed Felicity.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 1 - In a flash forward Barry is visiting Oliver at a grave.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 2 – Oliver's from Arrow Season 4 Episode 1 announcement of the Green Arrow being the new hero of Star City is referenced.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 3 – Deathbolt is mentioned.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 3 – Jeremy Tell / Double Down was getting tattooed in central city the night the particle accelerator turned on.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 4 – Double Down is mentioned.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 5 – Kendra Saunders makes another appearance.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 5 - Crossover with Constantine.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 7 – Kendra Saunders makes another appearance.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 8 - First half of the Legends of Tomorrow set up episode.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 8 - Second half of the Legends of Tomorrow set up episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 1 - Oliver and Laurel both make Cameos. The team meets Dr. Aldus Boardman whose information helped the hawks, Team Arrow and Team Flash defeat Savage in the Legends of Tomorrow set up episodes.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 2 - Damien Darhk cameos at the auction, The crumbling city that Rip showed the team was Central City in 2016
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 5 - Cisco cameos.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 13 – When running through the multiverse we see Supergirl and the Legion Flight Ring from Supergirl. Jonah Hex, and Conner Hawk from Legends of Tomorrow. Deadshot from arrow but this is his earth 2 counterpart, and we see 1990's Flash who was portrayed by John Wesley Shipp.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 15 - John and Lyla show up to help Barry.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 15 – Mari McCabe / Vixen from the animated Series Vixen makes her first live action appearance. John Constantine is mentioned to be literally in hell. Laurel and Mari know each other pretty well which is later explained in the second season of vixen. Mari contacted Professor Macalester to attempt to identify an idol owned by Damien Darhk. He was able to identify it as a Khushu Idol.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 6 - The Legends find themselves in Star City in 2046. Were they meet and old Oliver Queen.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 18 – During the testing of tachyon device, Barry opens a portal disappears into it and then shows a few seconds later leaving another. This is to set up a crossover with Supergirl.
Supergirl season 1 Episode 18 – Crossover with The Flash.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 17 - The crazy bee lady, Brie Larvan, from The Flash season 1 Episode 18 shows up.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 9 - After being left behind Sara meets up with Ra's Al Ghul in 1958. A young Talia appears in this episode, this Talia Al Ghul's first appearance in the Arrowverse. She will later appear again in Arrow Season 5. Sara tells Ra's to send Nyssa to the coast of Lian Yu in October 2008.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 12 – A young detective Lance is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 14 – Felicity, Nyssa, and Clarissa Cameo.
Arrow Season 4 Episode 19 - The continuation of the flash forward from the first episode of the season.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 16 - The Legends return to 2016, find out the events of Arrow season 4 Quentin and Clarissa are both in the episode.
The Flash Season 2 Episode 22 – Laurel Lance is in this episode as Black Siren.
The Flash Season 3 Episode 2 - Felicity is in this episode
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 1 - Oliver Queen helps Nate Heywood find the Legends. Eobard and Darhk are both in this episode. Sara tells Ray she wants to kill Darhk to save Laurel.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 2 – Eobard is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 3 – Stein and Jax find a secret compartment that contains a message from Barry Allen in the year 2056.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 5 – Eobard and Darhk are both in this episode. Eobard talks to Darhk about everything he is setting up for Arrow Season 4 and tells him how it works out, hoping to convince Darhk to team up with him, Darhk declines. Sara tells Darhk he fails, this causes him to agree to work with Eobard. Darhk is able to join Eobard by getting into the time sphere as seen from Flash Season 1 Episode 23.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 6 – the end of the episode begins Invasion as Sara tells the team they have been called back to 2017.
Supergirl Season 2 Episode 8 – Temporal Portals keep popping up throughout the episode. The Episode ends with Barry and Cisco making their way to Earth 38 to ask Kara for help. This scene is shown again in The Flash Season 3 Episode 8.
The Flash Season 3 Episode 8 – First true part to Invasion!
Arrow Season 5 Episode 8 – Second part of Invasion!
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 7 – Third and final part of Invasion!
Supergirl Season 2 Episode 9 – The Dominators are in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 8 – Eobard, and Darhk have now added Merlyn to their team. Merlyn reveals to Sara that he was one the who sunk the Queen's Gambit putting her, himself, Oliver, Laurel, Tommy, and everyone else on the path to where they are now.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 9 – Eobard, Darhk and Merlyn are in this episode.
Arrow Season 5 Episode 10 – Adrian breaks into Star labs to free Black Siren. Laurel mentions Sara and the waverider.
The Flash Season 3 Episode 11 – As Cisco and Gypsy battle the land in Catco on Earth 38, Eve Teschmacher from Supergirl makes a short cameo.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 10 – An Episode dedicated to the Legion of Doom, Eobard Darhk and Merlyn also Hunter Zoloman first appears in this episode as the Speed enforcer. While the team works to figure out who the Speedster is photos of Barry, Edward, Eliza, Jay, Jesse, Wally, and Zoom can be seen. Martin talks about how Eobard was erased from timeline when his ancestor Eddie kills himself, we see archive footage from The Flash Season 1 Episode 23. In this episode we see Eobard and Darhk recruit Merlyn during which Meryln is watching Darhk get killed which happened in Arrow Season 4 Episode 23. Eobard talks about the events of Flashpoint from Flash Season 3 Episode 1. The Time Sphere makes another appearance.
Arrow Season 5 Episode 11 – Oliver calls Captain Singh asking for help, The Flash makes a blink and miss it cameo. Dinah’s origin is shown which takes us back to the night of the Particle Accelerator in central city
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 11 – Eobard is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 12 – Eobard is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 13 – Eobard is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 14 – Eobard is in this episode, and Mari McCabe's Vixen can be seen in a photo when Amaya looks up her future.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 15 – The entire Legion of Doom, Eobard, Darhk, Merlyn and Snart, are in this episode. The Time Sphere makes another appearance.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 16 - The entire Legion of Doom and Black Flash are in this episode and it is based around them, Also Felicity is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 2 Episode 17 - The entire Legion of Doom and Black Flash are in this episode and Laurel Cameos.
Supergirl Season 2 Episode 16 – Ending starts the Duet crossover.
The Flash Season 3 Episode 17 – Duet crossover between Supergirl and the Flash.
The Flash Season 3 Episode 22 – Lyla is in this episode. When Barry retrieves and returns Snart he is working with the Legends, the waverider is clearly visible behind them. When Cisco closes the door on King Shark hand to save Snart, Snart says, “Ouch been there” a referencing when he froze and smashed his own hand to escape Chronos' ship in Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 9. While heading towards the Dominator's power source Barry and Snart pass a bunch of cells, Barry tells Snart this must have been where Waller kept her Suicide Squad. After Barry has returned Snart to the correct time, Snart tells him “there are no strings on me”, which are his final words before his death in Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 15. Felicity sends cisco a message saying Not Yet.
Arrow Season 5 Episode 22 – Nyssa talks about how her father fulfilled her promise to Sara from Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 9.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 1 – Cisco talks about how he contacted Felicity and Curtis among the people he asked to help get Barry back.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 1 – Sara boss tells her “Well, let me tell you something, freckles, you're lucky I even hired someone who had been reported dead twice.” This is a reference to when she “died” on the Queen's Gambit and when Merlyn had Thea kill Sara. Wally cameos when Nate is fighting in Central City. When Ray goes to show off his new idea to his boss, his boss talks about how Ray lost all credibility when he “gave your company to a woman who ran it into the ground." This is a reference to Ray leaving his company to Felicity and her destroying it.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 2 – During the therapy session Laurel and Snart are both people whose death are mentioned. The Newspaper on the table in the therapy session says, “Mayor Queen is the Green Arrow”, which is a reference to the channel 52 news report from Arrow Season 6 Episode 1.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 2 – The News that Amaya is watching after Nate leaves to get donuts shows and talks about Mari fighting in Detroit. There is a picture of Sara, Laurel and Oliver and another picture of Sara, Laurel and Quentin. Kuasa is revived by the follower of Mallus after the events in Vixen.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 3 – Kuasa is in this episode. Ray talks about how he has fought a water enemy before, this happens to also be Kuasa he doesn't recognize her. Kuasa tells Amaya that if she kills here she is killing herself, this is because Kuasa is the sister of Mari and a granddaughter of Amaya. This is the first appearance of the Air totem in live action it is first seen in Vixen. A future Argus that looks up metahumans is in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 4 – The dominators appear in this episode. The NSA agent Smith from the 2016 crossover shows up.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 4 – Curtis mentioned UpSwipes, the dating app that Ray was working for in Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 1.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 5 – Felicity comes to Central City for Iris' bachelorette party.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 5 – Damien Darhk is revived from his death in season 4. An older Nora Darhk returns. The Legends call Curtis about a Palmer Technologies watch with Oliver Queen's fingerprints.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 5 – Felicity states “Now there are meta-humans attacking bachelorette parties”, referring to The Flash Season 4 Episode 5.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 6 – Damien Darhk, Nora Darhk, and Kuasa are all in this episode.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 6 – Joe tells Slade that he has another son named Grant. This is the first mention of Grant in present day, he first made an appearance in Legends of Tomorrow Season 1 Episode 6.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 7 – This is the first outside of The Flash that Grodd has appeared in. After falling off the waverider Damien Darhk saves Grodd and adds him to his team.
Supergirl Season 3 Episode 8 – Crisis on Earth X part 1
Arrow Season 6 Episode 8 – Crisis on Earth X part 2
The Flash Season 4 Episode 8 - Crisis on Earth X part 3
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 8 – Crisis on Earth X Part 4
The Flash Season 4 Episode 9 – Iris Says, “I guess getting married during our wedding wasn't on the registry either so yeah sure. I'm not bitter”. Referring to Oliver and Felicity turning the wedding into a double wedding in Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 8.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 9 – When young Martin is using the tow bow and arrow the Arrow theme plays. Damien Darhk and Nora Darhk are both in this episode. Ava shows Sara a picture of Grodd attacking the great wall of China. John Constantine shows up at the end of this episode.
Freedom Fighters: The Ray – This is the orgin of The Ray of Earth 1 the one we meet in Crisis on Earth X, Cisco, Caitlin, Red Tornado of Earth X, Overgirl, Black Arrow, The Flash, Green Arrow, Mr. Terrific, and Vixen are all featured.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 10 – One of the photos in the album that Quentin and Thea look through is a picture of Quentin, Laurel and Sara.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 11 – Beebo a toy that appeared in Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 episode 9 is in this episode. Kryptonite is talked about after Ralph is injured, this is the first reference to it that is is not a crossover or on Supergirl.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 12 – Ray and Felicity are both mentioned and so is dwarf-star matter.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 12 – Captain David Singh shows up in a flashback. In another flashback we see Dinah and Vince in Central City getting hit by the wave of Dark Matter.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 13 – Barry Allen makes a cameo in this episode. Oliver has Barry rush him and John to meet Cayden James before he leaves the city. Black Siren can be seen wearing one of the power-dampening collars that was shown in the Crisis on Earth-X crossover.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 10 - The part of this episode taking place in 2017, is set between the Arrow Season 6 Episode 1 and Arrow Season 6 Episode 2 because there is a mention of Oliver Queen being suspected of being the Green Arrow, while showing Oliver kill Damian Darhk. Mentions are made of Constantine's failure to save Astra. The failed exorcism is first mentioned in Constantine Season 1 Episode 1 "Non Est Asylum" and its John's biggest failure of his exorcism career is a recurring theme throughout the series. John Constantine reminds Sara that he saved her soul, this happened in Arrow Season 4 Episode 5. This episode tells us what happened to Nora Darhk after Oliver killed Damian in Arrow Season 4 Episode 23 and her adult form appearing in Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 5. John talks about how the Anansi Totem belongs to Mari, he his then told that Amaya is her grandmother. Kuasa talks about how the Zambezi is destroyed and her mom runs off with Mari this can be seen in Vixen.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 11 – Wally West shows up at the end.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 12 – Mari is scene in a picture. Constantine, Dr. Adam, Kuasa, Laurel, Barry, Cisco, Caitlyn, Wells, and Jesse are all named dropped. The fire totem plot line is picked up from what happened to in Vixen. Wally, Damien, and Nora are all in this episode.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 14 - Ralph says "Killer robots come out of this elevator" that is a reference to Metallo in Crisis on Earth X when he came out of the elevator and shot Supergirl.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 14 – Zoom is mentioned in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 13 – Wally joins the team. Damien, Nora, Kuasa, and Grodd are all in this episode. The woman Damien saw on his phone for a romantic match was Carrie Cutter from Arrow.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 15 – Cisco is mentioned in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 14 – Constantine, Damien, and Nora are all mentioned in this episode.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 16 – Mick is mentioned in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 15 – Barry, Flashpoint, Astra, Oliver killing Malus, Ra's al ghul are mentioned. Constantine, Nora is in this episode. Jesse, Sara as the Canary shows up as an apparition.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 16 – Mari, Grodd is mentioned, Chuck Mccabe, Kuasa, Damian, Nora is in this episode, When Wally said that he is the fastest man on Earth, Nate corrected him and said that he's the second fastest. This is a reference to Barry Allen, who is considered the fastest man alive. Damien, makes a reference to his attack on the Arrowcave when inside Mari's vigilante headquarters.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 16 – Barry Allen is mentioned.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 17 – Wally says Barry is always being in trouble, and it being his thing. Wally mentions Bary running back and time saving his mom and creating flashpoint. Ray says “Run Barry Run” to Barack Obama. Constantine is mentioned. Sara says that Damian is still the son of a bitch who put an arrow in her sister. Grodd, Damien, Nora, a young Kuasa, and a baby Mari are in this episode.
Legends of Tomorrow Season 3 Episode 18 – Damien Darhk, Nora, and Kuasa, Constantine are in this episode. Mari is mentioned.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 19 – Earth-x makes and appearnce in this episode.Leo shows up and mentions wanting to marry Ray. Laurel of Earth X shows up in this episode.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 20 – Wally is mentioned as having sent a bassinet that was previously moses. This is first time that it has been hinted at in another show in the arrowverse that wally has joined the Legends.
The Flash Season 4 Episode 22 – Diggle is in the episode. Lyla is mentioned. Wally is mentioned as being on a time machine.
Arrow Season 6 Episode 23 – Sara shows up.
Flash Season 4 Episode 23 – Oliver, Kara and Wally are all mentioned by Barry as someone who could help them. Wally shows up. The legends are called out, and mallus is mentioned.
submitted by Link2Sora to arrow [link] [comments]


2017.10.07 23:44 PyroSatan [EVENT] Italian Defence White Paper 2018

Italian Supreme Defense Council - Ministry of Defense

From the Office of Lt. Gen. Danilo Errico by authority of the Prime Minister
It is now time for a new Defense White Paper to be published to inform the public and the Government's representatives in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies as to the future of the Italian Armed Forces. We are rapidly approaching a new era in the status of the Italian Military which serves to defend the nation and her interests both foreign and domestic, where new, cutting edge equipment is entering our service, while also reaching the point where many valuable armaments in our inventory must be decommissioned and scrapped, resold, or otherwise done away with, so they may be replaced by new equipment.
With the rise in Radical Islamic terror, violent dictatorships popping up across the world, and continued aggression and expansionism in the Black Sea and Mediterranean, as well as in the Atlantic by the Russian Federation, the Italian Armed Forces will be seeing a rise in defence spending by about $300,000,000 in the near future (Bringing the total to $38 Billion spent annually on defence, still shy of NATO recommendation, but a welcome increase) which will allow us to continue to develop new armaments to keep up with the rest of NATO, ensuring peace in Europe and the Atlantic as a whole.

Esercito Italiano

The Italian Army has been reformed, as of 2018 to consist of two heavy brigades Headquartered in Pordenone and Caserta, armed with the Centauro Tank Destroyer, the Ariete Main Battle Tank, the Dardo IFV, and the PzH2000 SPG. These brigades are each 4,000 strong. The Ariete Armored Brigade acts as the only Armored Brigade in the Italian Armed Forces, while the Garibaldi Bersaglieri is the Elite Heavy Mechanized Infantry Brigade operating in the south of the country.
The Aosto and Pinerolo Mechanized Infantry Brigades have also been reorganised, deploying the Centauro Tank Destroyer and the Freccia IFV. They are headquartered in Messina and Bari respectively, providing an important Mechanized Infantry force of Medium strength in the Italian Army.
As well, the four Light Brigades have been reformed. The Folgore Paratrooper Brigade has been redeployed to Livorno, while the Sassari Mechanized Brigade and its' Puma APCs have remained in Sassari. The remaining 2 Light Brigades have been put in a different situation:

Marina Militare

First and foremost, the remaining Augusta-Bell 212 Helicopters of Italian Naval Aviation shall be withdrawn to be replaced with NH90s. Along with that replacement, we must also finalize the deal for 15 F-35B Lighting IIs to be operated from the Aircraft Carrier Cavour, which will be done in cooperation with the Air Force Generals leading the F-35A negotiations, as a replacement for the A/V-8B Harrier. We will also be exploring the concept of acquiring another 15 F-35Bs for the purpose of providing an air arm for the new carrier Trieste, which will be commissioned in 2022. This will be brought up in the aforementioned negotiations regarding F-35 orders. Six of the Harriers are to be put on display, while the remaining ten will be scrapped.
A commission of inquiry has been set up to explore the possibility of procuring six Piaggio-Selex P.1HH Hammerhead long range UAVs, under the condition that an Anti-Ship variant is produced with torpedo and anti-ship missile capability, as well as naval aviation-specific features, including greater Ship-deployed SAM countermeasures and a lower stall speed for torpedo capability.
With the decision to decommission the San Giorgio-Class Amphibious Transport Dock, as well as the cancellation of half of the Orizzonte-Class Air Defense Destroyers, the Admiralty has decided through an investigative commission that the best course of action to provide air defense capability as well as amphibious/ASW operational readiness alongside the Carrier Fleet will be to develop a class of two to three Helicopter Cruisers displacing no less than 8,800 tonnes, and no more than 10,800 tonnes. Similar in capability to the recently decommissioned cruiser Vittorio Veneto, this ship should be capable of deploying at least 200 men and 10 tanks, or 200 men with 20 utility vehicles, as well as an air wing of 6 helicopters in a belowdecks hangar. The air defence capability must be sufficient, carrying VLS missile systems, as well as OTO Melara CIWS systems. Designs will be released shortly. Production should begin no earlier than 2022 and no later than 2024.

Aeronautica Militare

As the war against the Islamic State in Iraq draws to a close, it has been seen by the Italian General Staff that continuing to deploy a headquarters staff at Erbil International Airport in Iraqi Kurdistan, as well as Infantry and Air Assets, will be a drain on resources which can be used elsewhere. The four attack helicopters and four transport helicopters will redeploy to the nearest Italian military facility in the United Arab Emirates. Under control of the Italian Air Force at this time, the 130 infantrymen based in Erbil have been ordered to leave the country to return to their unit in Caserta. The Italian Government will be filing a request for the Iraqi Government to allow an Aeronautica Militare C-130 to ferry the troops back to Italy from the currently closed Erbil International Airport after a year in the field.
As well, this year, the Aeronautica Militare will be finalizing orders for the 71 F-35 Lightning II fighters, along with 32 more Eurofighter Typhoons which will supplement the existing air forces. With these orders in motion, the Aeronautica Militare will actively set a date for the retirement of the 35 AMX International AMX in service for ground attack by a date no later than December 17, 2026, when the airframes begin to expire.
The Italian Air Force will also be preparing itself for the entry into service of the Piaggio-Selex P.1HH Hammerhead. The Medium Altitude Long-Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle will be a valuable part of the future of the branch, with capability of deploying 500kg of ordnance anywhere within 1,400 KM of an Italian Air Base (Ferry Range of 2,800 KM) allowing us to set a benchmark for future UAV programmes.

Carabinieri

The last Franchi SPAS-12 Shotguns in service with the Carabinieri will be replaced with Benelli M4 Super 90 Combat Shotguns, and the Glock 17 shall see replacement by the Beretta 92FS in entirely no later than 2020 along with the Smith and Wesson Model 28 .357 Magnum revolver, in order to guarantee standardization of weapons and calibers.
The Gruppo di Intervento Speciale will see an increase in numbers by 200 operators in the next three years as the threat of terrorism in Europe becomes a more real threat, and a capable force is needed in greater numbers to guarantee that these attacks are prevented, and that the people feel safe in their own country.
submitted by PyroSatan to GlobalPowers [link] [comments]


2017.03.28 20:37 autotldr Italian police broke up a protest by environmentalists trying prevent the removal of a grove of olive trees dating back centuries standing in the way of a $40 billion pipeline to bring Asian gas to Europe

This is an automatic summary, original reduced by 39%.
BARI/MILAN Italian police broke up a protest by environmentalists trying prevent the removal of a grove of olive trees dating back centuries standing in the way of a $40 billion pipeline to bring Asian gas to Europe.
On Tuesday, protesters laid down outside the work site to block the arrival of trucks and tractors, police officials said, and in the afternoon police dispersed about 50 people, including the mayors of some of the towns in the area.
TAP developers had hoped to begin moving the first of roughly 10,000 trees almost a year ago, but opposition by the local town council, Puglia regional authority and environmentalist has delayed the process.
A TAP spokesman said around 30 olive trees were removed on Tuesday, and the aim was to speed up the process if the protests did not escalate.
Last week developers removed 33 trees, but were forced to stop due to the protests.
If the trees are not shifted by April, when they go through a six-month growth spurt and cannot be moved, the TAP consortium must wait until late November to complete the removals.
Summary Source FAQ Theory Feedback Top five keywords: trees#1 protest#2 TAP#3 gas#4 police#5
Post found in /worldnews, /environment, /worldnewshub and /EcoInternet.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2017.02.23 23:50 Robanada Length extruded does not correlate with steps per unit in Marlin

Hello everyone, apologies if this is the wrong sub for this question; if there's a better sub, please let me know and I'll post there.
I'm trying to calibrate my home-built delta printer (using Marlin firmware on an Arduino Mega 2560, Ramps 1.4, & Pronterface. Stepper motors are the standard 1.8 degree Nema 17s [unipolar wired as bipolar], and using this Greg's Wade's extruder). I calculated the steps per unit using the prusa calculator, and the effector moves very close to the specified distance. Now I am trying to calibrate the extruder, but for some reason when I change the steps per unit, the same amount gets extruded every time.
I started with 760 steps per unit, since that is the default in the firmware. I put a piece of tape on the filament and measured the distance from the extruder. I had pronterface tell the printer to extrude 100mm of filament, and 114.8mm was extruded. No problem. I switched 760 to 663 steps per unit in configuration.h, saved, re-uploaded, and tried again. This time, it extruded 114.2mm. I reduced to 580, reuploaded, and this time it extruded 114.8mm again. For kicks, I set the steps per unit to 100, and it STILL extruded 114.2mm.
It seems like it's not responding at all to whatever steps per unit I put in configuration.h. Is there something in the firmware that I have to toggle to have the specified steps per unit matter?
Here's my configuration.h:
#ifndef CONFIGURATION_H #define CONFIGURATION_H #include "boards.h" // This configuration file contains the basic settings. // Advanced settings can be found in Configuration_adv.h // BASIC SETTINGS: select your board type, temperature sensor type, axis scaling, and endstop configuration //=========================================================================== //============================= DELTA Printer =============================== //=========================================================================== // For a Delta printer replace the configuration files with the files in the // example_configurations/delta directory. // // @section info #ifdef USE_AUTOMATIC_VERSIONING #include "_Version.h" #else #include "Default_Version.h" #endif // User-specified version info of this build to display in [Pronterface, etc] terminal window during // startup. Implementation of an idea by Prof Braino to inform user that any changes made to this // build by the user have been successfully uploaded into firmware. #define STRING_VERSION_CONFIG_H __DATE__ " " __TIME__ // build date and time #define STRING_CONFIG_H_AUTHOR "Robanada" // Who made the changes. #define STRING_SPLASH_LINE1 SHORT_BUILD_VERSION // will be shown during bootup in line 1 //#define STRING_SPLASH_LINE2 STRING_DISTRIBUTION_DATE // will be shown during bootup in line 2 // @section machine // SERIAL_PORT selects which serial port should be used for communication with the host. // This allows the connection of wireless adapters (for instance) to non-default port pins. // Serial port 0 is still used by the Arduino bootloader regardless of this setting. #define SERIAL_PORT 0 // This determines the communication speed of the printer #define BAUDRATE 250000 // This enables the serial port associated to the Bluetooth interface //#define BTENABLED // Enable BT interface on AT90USB devices // The following define selects which electronics board you have. // Please choose the name from boards.h that matches your setup #ifndef MOTHERBOARD #define MOTHERBOARD BOARD_RAMPS_13_EFB #endif // Define this to set a custom name for your generic Mendel, // #define CUSTOM_MENDEL_NAME "THE ASS PRINTER 5000" // Define this to set a unique identifier for this printer, (Used by some programs to differentiate between machines) // You can use an online service to generate a random UUID. (eg http://www.uuidgenerator.net/version4) // #define MACHINE_UUID "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000" // This defines the number of extruders #define EXTRUDERS 1 //// The following define selects which power supply you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup // 1 = ATX // 2 = X-Box 360 203Watts (the blue wire connected to PS_ON and the red wire to VCC) #define POWER_SUPPLY 1 // Define this to have the electronics keep the power supply off on startup. If you don't know what this is leave it. // #define PS_DEFAULT_OFF //=========================================================================== //============================== Delta Settings ============================= //=========================================================================== // Enable DELTA kinematics and most of the default configuration for Deltas #define DELTA // Make delta curves from many straight lines (linear interpolation). // This is a trade-off between visible corners (not enough segments) // and processor overload (too many expensive sqrt calls). #define DELTA_SEGMENTS_PER_SECOND 200 // NOTE NB all values for DELTA_* values MUST be floating point, so always have a decimal point in them // Center-to-center distance of the holes in the diagonal push rods. #define DELTA_DIAGONAL_ROD 296.9 // mm // Horizontal offset from middle of printer to smooth rod center. #define DELTA_SMOOTH_ROD_OFFSET 212.7 // mm // Horizontal offset of the universal joints on the end effector. #define DELTA_EFFECTOR_OFFSET 31.75 // mm // Horizontal offset of the universal joints on the carriages. #define DELTA_CARRIAGE_OFFSET 23.8 // mm // Effective horizontal distance bridged by diagonal push rods. #define DELTA_RADIUS (DELTA_SMOOTH_ROD_OFFSET-DELTA_EFFECTOR_OFFSET-DELTA_CARRIAGE_OFFSET) //=========================================================================== //=============================Thermal Settings ============================ //=========================================================================== // //--NORMAL IS 4.7kohm PULLUP!-- 1kohm pullup can be used on hotend sensor, using correct resistor and table // //// Temperature sensor settings: // -2 is thermocouple with MAX6675 (only for sensor 0) // -1 is thermocouple with AD595 // 0 is not used // 1 is 100k thermistor - best choice for EPCOS 100k (4.7k pullup) // 2 is 200k thermistor - ATC Semitec 204GT-2 (4.7k pullup) // 3 is Mendel-parts thermistor (4.7k pullup) // 4 is 10k thermistor !! do not use it for a hotend. It gives bad resolution at high temp. !! // 5 is 100K thermistor - ATC Semitec 104GT-2 (Used in ParCan & J-Head) (4.7k pullup) // 6 is 100k EPCOS - Not as accurate as table 1 (created using a fluke thermocouple) (4.7k pullup) // 7 is 100k Honeywell thermistor 135-104LAG-J01 (4.7k pullup) // 71 is 100k Honeywell thermistor 135-104LAF-J01 (4.7k pullup) // 8 is 100k 0603 SMD Vishay NTCS0603E3104FXT (4.7k pullup) // 9 is 100k GE Sensing AL03006-58.2K-97-G1 (4.7k pullup) // 10 is 100k RS thermistor 198-961 (4.7k pullup) // 11 is 100k beta 3950 1% thermistor (4.7k pullup) // 12 is 100k 0603 SMD Vishay NTCS0603E3104FXT (4.7k pullup) (calibrated for Makibox hot bed) // 13 is 100k Hisens 3950 1% up to 300°C for hotend "Simple ONE " & "Hotend "All In ONE" // 20 is the PT100 circuit found in the Ultimainboard V2.x // 60 is 100k Maker's Tool Works Kapton Bed Thermistor beta=3950 // // 1k ohm pullup tables - This is not normal, you would have to have changed out your 4.7k for 1k // (but gives greater accuracy and more stable PID) // 51 is 100k thermistor - EPCOS (1k pullup) // 52 is 200k thermistor - ATC Semitec 204GT-2 (1k pullup) // 55 is 100k thermistor - ATC Semitec 104GT-2 (Used in ParCan & J-Head) (1k pullup) // // 1047 is Pt1000 with 4k7 pullup // 1010 is Pt1000 with 1k pullup (non standard) // 147 is Pt100 with 4k7 pullup // 110 is Pt100 with 1k pullup (non standard) #define TEMP_SENSOR_0 5 #define TEMP_SENSOR_1 0 #define TEMP_SENSOR_2 0 #define TEMP_SENSOR_BED 0 // This makes temp sensor 1 a redundant sensor for sensor 0. If the temperatures difference between these sensors is to high the print will be aborted. //#define TEMP_SENSOR_1_AS_REDUNDANT #define MAX_REDUNDANT_TEMP_SENSOR_DIFF 10 // Actual temperature must be close to target for this long before M109 returns success #define TEMP_RESIDENCY_TIME 10 // (seconds) #define TEMP_HYSTERESIS 3 // (degC) range of +/- temperatures considered "close" to the target one #define TEMP_WINDOW 1 // (degC) Window around target to start the residency timer x degC early. // The minimal temperature defines the temperature below which the heater will not be enabled It is used // to check that the wiring to the thermistor is not broken. // Otherwise this would lead to the heater being powered on all the time. #define HEATER_0_MINTEMP 5 #define HEATER_1_MINTEMP 5 #define HEATER_2_MINTEMP 5 #define BED_MINTEMP 5 // When temperature exceeds max temp, your heater will be switched off. // This feature exists to protect your hotend from overheating accidentally, but *NOT* from thermistor short/failure! // You should use MINTEMP for thermistor short/failure protection. #define HEATER_0_MAXTEMP 260 #define HEATER_1_MAXTEMP 260 #define HEATER_2_MAXTEMP 260 #define BED_MAXTEMP 120 // If your bed has low resistance e.g. .6 ohm and throws the fuse you can duty cycle it to reduce the // average current. The value should be an integer and the heat bed will be turned on for 1 interval of // HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER intervals. //#define HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER 4 // If you want the M105 heater power reported in watts, define the BED_WATTS, and (shared for all extruders) EXTRUDER_WATTS //#define EXTRUDER_WATTS (12.0*12.0/6.7) // P=I^2/R //#define BED_WATTS (12.0*12.0/1.1) // P=I^2/R // PID settings: // Comment the following line to disable PID and enable bang-bang. #define PIDTEMP #define BANG_MAX 255 // limits current to nozzle while in bang-bang mode; 255=full current #define PID_MAX 255 // limits current to nozzle while PID is active (see PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE below); 255=full current #ifdef PIDTEMP //#define PID_DEBUG // Sends debug data to the serial port. //#define PID_OPENLOOP 1 // Puts PID in open loop. M104/M140 sets the output power from 0 to PID_MAX #define PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE 10 // If the temperature difference between the target temperature and the actual temperature // is more then PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE then the PID will be shut off and the heater will be set to min/max. #define PID_INTEGRAL_DRIVE_MAX 255 //limit for the integral term #define K1 0.95 //smoothing factor within the PID #define PID_dT ((OVERSAMPLENR * 10.0)/(F_CPU / 64.0 / 256.0)) //sampling period of the temperature routine // If you are using a pre-configured hotend then you can use one of the value sets by uncommenting it // Ultimaker #define DEFAULT_Kp 22.2 #define DEFAULT_Ki 1.08 #define DEFAULT_Kd 114 // MakerGear // #define DEFAULT_Kp 7.0 // #define DEFAULT_Ki 0.1 // #define DEFAULT_Kd 12 // Mendel Parts V9 on 12V // #define DEFAULT_Kp 63.0 // #define DEFAULT_Ki 2.25 // #define DEFAULT_Kd 440 #endif // PIDTEMP // Bed Temperature Control // Select PID or bang-bang with PIDTEMPBED. If bang-bang, BED_LIMIT_SWITCHING will enable hysteresis // // Uncomment this to enable PID on the bed. It uses the same frequency PWM as the extruder. // If your PID_dT above is the default, and correct for your hardware/configuration, that means 7.689Hz, // which is fine for driving a square wave into a resistive load and does not significantly impact you FET heating. // This also works fine on a Fotek SSR-10DA Solid State Relay into a 250W heater. // If your configuration is significantly different than this and you don't understand the issues involved, you probably // shouldn't use bed PID until someone else verifies your hardware works. // If this is enabled, find your own PID constants below. //#define PIDTEMPBED // //#define BED_LIMIT_SWITCHING // This sets the max power delivered to the bed, and replaces the HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER option. // all forms of bed control obey this (PID, bang-bang, bang-bang with hysteresis) // setting this to anything other than 255 enables a form of PWM to the bed just like HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER did, // so you shouldn't use it unless you are OK with PWM on your bed. (see the comment on enabling PIDTEMPBED) #define MAX_BED_POWER 255 // limits duty cycle to bed; 255=full current #ifdef PIDTEMPBED //120v 250W silicone heater into 4mm borosilicate (MendelMax 1.5+) //from FOPDT model - kp=.39 Tp=405 Tdead=66, Tc set to 79.2, aggressive factor of .15 (vs .1, 1, 10) #define DEFAULT_bedKp 10.00 #define DEFAULT_bedKi .023 #define DEFAULT_bedKd 305.4 //120v 250W silicone heater into 4mm borosilicate (MendelMax 1.5+) //from pidautotune // #define DEFAULT_bedKp 97.1 // #define DEFAULT_bedKi 1.41 // #define DEFAULT_bedKd 1675.16 // FIND YOUR OWN: "M303 E-1 C8 S90" to run autotune on the bed at 90 degreesC for 8 cycles. #endif // PIDTEMPBED //this prevents dangerous Extruder moves, i.e. if the temperature is under the limit //can be software-disabled for whatever purposes by #define PREVENT_DANGEROUS_EXTRUDE //if PREVENT_DANGEROUS_EXTRUDE is on, you can still disable (uncomment) very long bits of extrusion separately. #define PREVENT_LENGTHY_EXTRUDE #define EXTRUDE_MINTEMP 170 #define EXTRUDE_MAXLENGTH (X_MAX_LENGTH+Y_MAX_LENGTH) //prevent extrusion of very large distances. /*================== Thermal Runaway Protection ============================== This is a feature to protect your printer from burn up in flames if it has a thermistor coming off place (this happened to a friend of mine recently and motivated me writing this feature). The issue: If a thermistor come off, it will read a lower temperature than actual. The system will turn the heater on forever, burning up the filament and anything else around. After the temperature reaches the target for the first time, this feature will start measuring for how long the current temperature stays below the target minus _HYSTERESIS (set_temperature - THERMAL_RUNAWAY_PROTECTION_HYSTERESIS). If it stays longer than _PERIOD, it means the thermistor temperature cannot catch up with the target, so something *may be* wrong. Then, to be on the safe side, the system will he halt. Bear in mind the count down will just start AFTER the first time the thermistor temperature is over the target, so you will have no problem if your extruder heater takes 2 minutes to hit the target on heating. */ // If you want to enable this feature for all your extruder heaters, // uncomment the 2 defines below: // Parameters for all extruder heaters //#define THERMAL_RUNAWAY_PROTECTION_PERIOD 40 //in seconds //#define THERMAL_RUNAWAY_PROTECTION_HYSTERESIS 4 // in degree Celsius // If you want to enable this feature for your bed heater, // uncomment the 2 defines below: // Parameters for the bed heater //#define THERMAL_RUNAWAY_PROTECTION_BED_PERIOD 20 //in seconds //#define THERMAL_RUNAWAY_PROTECTION_BED_HYSTERESIS 2 // in degree Celsius //=========================================================================== //=========================================================================== //=============================Mechanical Settings=========================== //=========================================================================== // coarse Endstop Settings #define ENDSTOPPULLUPS // Comment this out (using // at the start of the line) to disable the endstop pullup resistors #ifndef ENDSTOPPULLUPS // fine endstop settings: Individual pullups. will be ignored if ENDSTOPPULLUPS is defined // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMAX // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMAX // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMAX // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMIN // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMIN // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMIN #endif #ifdef ENDSTOPPULLUPS #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMAX #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMAX #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMAX #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMIN #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMIN #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMIN #endif // The pullups are needed if you directly connect a mechanical endswitch between the signal and ground pins. const bool X_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Y_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Z_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool X_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Y_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Z_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. //#define DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS // Deltas never have min endstops #define DISABLE_MIN_ENDSTOPS // Disable max endstops for compatibility with endstop checking routine #if defined(COREXY) && !defined(DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS) #define DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS #endif // For Inverting Stepper Enable Pins (Active Low) use 0, Non Inverting (Active High) use 1 #define X_ENABLE_ON 0 #define Y_ENABLE_ON 0 #define Z_ENABLE_ON 0 #define E_ENABLE_ON 0 // For all extruders // Disables axis when it's not being used. #define DISABLE_X false #define DISABLE_Y false #define DISABLE_Z false #define DISABLE_E false // For all extruders #define DISABLE_INACTIVE_EXTRUDER true //disable only inactive extruders and keep active extruder enabled #define INVERT_X_DIR true // DELTA does not invert #define INVERT_Y_DIR true #define INVERT_Z_DIR true #define INVERT_E0_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false #define INVERT_E1_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false #define INVERT_E2_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false // ENDSTOP SETTINGS: // Sets direction of endstops when homing; 1=MAX, -1=MIN // deltas always home to max #define X_HOME_DIR 1 #define Y_HOME_DIR 1 #define Z_HOME_DIR 1 #define min_software_endstops true // If true, axis won't move to coordinates less than HOME_POS. #define max_software_endstops true // If true, axis won't move to coordinates greater than the defined lengths below. // Travel limits after homing #define X_MAX_POS 90 #define X_MIN_POS -90 #define Y_MAX_POS 90 #define Y_MIN_POS -90 #define Z_MAX_POS MANUAL_Z_HOME_POS #define Z_MIN_POS 0 #define X_MAX_LENGTH (X_MAX_POS - X_MIN_POS) #define Y_MAX_LENGTH (Y_MAX_POS - Y_MIN_POS) #define Z_MAX_LENGTH (Z_MAX_POS - Z_MIN_POS) //============================= Bed Auto Leveling =========================== //Bed Auto Leveling is still not compatible with Delta Kinematics // The position of the homing switches //#define MANUAL_HOME_POSITIONS // If defined, MANUAL_*_HOME_POS below will be used //#define BED_CENTER_AT_0_0 // If defined, the center of the bed is at (X=0, Y=0) //Manual homing switch locations: #define MANUAL_HOME_POSITIONS // MANUAL_*_HOME_POS below will be used // For deltabots this means top and center of the Cartesian print volume. #define MANUAL_X_HOME_POS 0 #define MANUAL_Y_HOME_POS 0 #define MANUAL_Z_HOME_POS 412.7 // For delta: Distance between nozzle and print surface after homing. //// MOVEMENT SETTINGS #define NUM_AXIS 4 // The axis order in all axis related arrays is X, Y, Z, E // delta homing speeds must be the same on xyz #define HOMING_FEEDRATE {30*60, 30*60, 30*60, 0} // set the homing speeds (mm/min) // default settings // delta speeds must be the same on xyz #define DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT {64, 64, 64, 100} // default steps per unit for Kossel (GT2, 20 tooth) #define DEFAULT_MAX_FEEDRATE {500, 500, 500, 25} // (mm/sec) #define DEFAULT_MAX_ACCELERATION {9000,9000,9000,10000} // X, Y, Z, E maximum start speed for accelerated moves. E default values are good for skeinforge 40+, for older versions raise them a lot. #define DEFAULT_ACCELERATION 3000 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s^2 for printing moves #define DEFAULT_RETRACT_ACCELERATION 3000 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s^2 for retracts // Offset of the extruders (uncomment if using more than one and relying on firmware to position when changing). // The offset has to be X=0, Y=0 for the extruder 0 hotend (default extruder). // For the other hotends it is their distance from the extruder 0 hotend. // #define EXTRUDER_OFFSET_X {0.0, 20.00} // (in mm) for each extruder, offset of the hotend on the X axis // #define EXTRUDER_OFFSET_Y {0.0, 5.00} // (in mm) for each extruder, offset of the hotend on the Y axis // The speed change that does not require acceleration (i.e. the software might assume it can be done instantaneously) #define DEFAULT_XYJERK 20.0 // (mm/sec) #define DEFAULT_ZJERK 20.0 // (mm/sec) Must be same as XY for delta #define DEFAULT_EJERK 5.0 // (mm/sec) //=========================================================================== //=============================Additional Features=========================== //=========================================================================== // Custom M code points #define CUSTOM_M_CODES #ifdef CUSTOM_M_CODES #define CUSTOM_M_CODE_SET_Z_PROBE_OFFSET 851 #define Z_PROBE_OFFSET_RANGE_MIN -15 #define Z_PROBE_OFFSET_RANGE_MAX -5 #endif // EEPROM // The microcontroller can store settings in the EEPROM, e.g. max velocity... // M500 - stores parameters in EEPROM // M501 - reads parameters from EEPROM (if you need reset them after you changed them temporarily). // M502 - reverts to the default "factory settings". You still need to store them in EEPROM afterwards if you want to. //define this to enable EEPROM support #define EEPROM_SETTINGS //to disable EEPROM Serial responses and decrease program space by ~1700 byte: comment this out: // please keep turned on if you can. #define EEPROM_CHITCHAT // Preheat Constants #define PLA_PREHEAT_HOTEND_TEMP 180 #define PLA_PREHEAT_HPB_TEMP 70 #define PLA_PREHEAT_FAN_SPEED 255 // Insert Value between 0 and 255 #define ABS_PREHEAT_HOTEND_TEMP 240 #define ABS_PREHEAT_HPB_TEMP 100 #define ABS_PREHEAT_FAN_SPEED 255 // Insert Value between 0 and 255 //LCD and SD support //#define ULTRA_LCD //general LCD support, also 16x2 //#define DOGLCD // Support for SPI LCD 128x64 (Controller ST7565R graphic Display Family) #define SDSUPPORT // Enable SD Card Support in Hardware Console //#define SDSLOW // Use slower SD transfer mode (not normally needed - uncomment if you're getting volume init error) //#define SD_CHECK_AND_RETRY // Use CRC checks and retries on the SD communication //#define ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP 1 // Increase if you have a high resolution encoder //#define ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM 5 // Set according to ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP or your liking //#define ULTIMAKERCONTROLLER //as available from the Ultimaker online store. //#define ULTIPANEL //the UltiPanel as on Thingiverse //#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_HZ 1000 // this is the tone frequency the buzzer plays when on UI feedback. ie Screen Click //#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_DURATION_MS 100 // the duration the buzzer plays the UI feedback sound. ie Screen Click // The MaKr3d Makr-Panel with graphic controller and SD support // http://reprap.org/wiki/MaKr3d_MaKrPanel //#define MAKRPANEL // The RepRapDiscount Smart Controller (white PCB) // http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRapDiscount_Smart_Controller //#define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER // The GADGETS3D G3D LCD/SD Controller (blue PCB) // http://reprap.org/wiki/RAMPS_1.3/1.4_GADGETS3D_Shield_with_Panel //#define G3D_PANEL // The RepRapDiscount FULL GRAPHIC Smart Controller (quadratic white PCB) // http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRapDiscount_Full_Graphic_Smart_Controller // // ==> REMEMBER TO INSTALL U8glib to your ARDUINO library folder: http://code.google.com/p/u8glib/wiki/u8glib #define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_FULL_GRAPHIC_SMART_CONTROLLER // The RepRapWorld REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD v1.1 // http://reprapworld.com/?products_details&products_id=202&cPath=1591_1626 //#define REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD //#define REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD_MOVE_STEP 10.0 // how much should be moved when a key is pressed, eg 10.0 means 10mm per click // The Elefu RA Board Control Panel // http://www.elefu.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=53 // REMEMBER TO INSTALL LiquidCrystal_I2C.h in your ARDUINO library folder: https://github.com/kiyoshigawa/LiquidCrystal_I2C //#define RA_CONTROL_PANEL // Delta calibration menu // uncomment to add three points calibration menu option. // See http://minow.blogspot.com/index.html#4918805519571907051 // If needed, adjust the X, Y, Z calibration coordinates // in [email protected]_delta_calibrate_menu() // #define DELTA_CALIBRATION_MENU //automatic expansion #if defined (MAKRPANEL) #define DOGLCD #define SDSUPPORT #define ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL #define DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST 17 #endif #if defined (REPRAP_DISCOUNT_FULL_GRAPHIC_SMART_CONTROLLER) #define DOGLCD #define U8GLIB_ST7920 #define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER #endif #if defined(ULTIMAKERCONTROLLER) defined(REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER) defined(G3D_PANEL) #define ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL #endif #if defined(REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD) #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL #endif #if defined(RA_CONTROL_PANEL) #define ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_PCA8574 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x27 // I2C Address of the port expander #endif //I2C PANELS //#define LCD_I2C_SAINSMART_YWROBOT #ifdef LCD_I2C_SAINSMART_YWROBOT // This uses the LiquidCrystal_I2C library ( https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/wiki/Home ) // Make sure it is placed in the Arduino libraries directory. #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_PCF8575 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x27 // I2C Address of the port expander #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL #endif // PANELOLU2 LCD with status LEDs, separate encoder and click inputs //#define LCD_I2C_PANELOLU2 #ifdef LCD_I2C_PANELOLU2 // This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later ( https://github.com/lincomatic/LiquidTWI2 ) // Make sure the LiquidTWI2 directory is placed in the Arduino or Sketchbook libraries subdirectory. // (v1.2.3 no longer requires you to define PANELOLU in the LiquidTWI2.h library header file) // Note: The PANELOLU2 encoder click input can either be directly connected to a pin // (if BTN_ENC defined to != -1) or read through I2C (when BTN_ENC == -1). #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_MCP23017 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x20 // I2C Address of the port expander #define LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER //comment out to disable buzzer on LCD #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL #ifndef ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP #define ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP 4 #endif #ifndef ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM #define ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM 1 #endif #ifdef LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER #define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_HZ 1000 #define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_DURATION_MS 100 #endif #endif // Panucatt VIKI LCD with status LEDs, integrated click & L/RP buttons, separate encoder inputs //#define LCD_I2C_VIKI #ifdef LCD_I2C_VIKI // This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later ( https://github.com/lincomatic/LiquidTWI2 ) // Make sure the LiquidTWI2 directory is placed in the Arduino or Sketchbook libraries subdirectory. // Note: The pause/stop/resume LCD button pin should be connected to the Arduino // BTN_ENC pin (or set BTN_ENC to -1 if not used) #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_MCP23017 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x20 // I2C Address of the port expander #define LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER //comment out to disable buzzer on LCD (requires LiquidTWI2 v1.2.3 or later) #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL #endif // Shift register panels // --------------------- // 2 wire Non-latching LCD SR from: // https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/wiki/schematics#!shiftregister-connection //#define SR_LCD #ifdef SR_LCD #define SR_LCD_2W_NL // Non latching 2 wire shift register //#define NEWPANEL #endif #ifdef ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL //enable this if you have a click-encoder panel #define SDSUPPORT #define ULTRA_LCD #ifdef DOGLCD // Change number of lines to match the DOG graphic display #define LCD_WIDTH 20 #define LCD_HEIGHT 5 #else #define LCD_WIDTH 20 #define LCD_HEIGHT 4 #endif #else //no panel but just LCD #ifdef ULTRA_LCD #ifdef DOGLCD // Change number of lines to match the 128x64 graphics display #define LCD_WIDTH 20 #define LCD_HEIGHT 5 #else #define LCD_WIDTH 16 #define LCD_HEIGHT 2 #endif #endif #endif // default LCD contrast for dogm-like LCD displays #ifdef DOGLCD # ifndef DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST # define DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST 32 # endif #endif // Increase the FAN pwm frequency. Removes the PWM noise but increases heating in the FET/Arduino //#define FAST_PWM_FAN // Temperature status LEDs that display the hotend and bet temperature. // If all hotends and bed temperature and temperature setpoint are < 54C then the BLUE led is on. // Otherwise the RED led is on. There is 1C hysteresis. //#define TEMP_STAT_LEDS // Use software PWM to drive the fan, as for the heaters. This uses a very low frequency // which is not ass annoying as with the hardware PWM. On the other hand, if this frequency // is too low, you should also increment SOFT_PWM_SCALE. //#define FAN_SOFT_PWM // Incrementing this by 1 will double the software PWM frequency, // affecting heaters, and the fan if FAN_SOFT_PWM is enabled. // However, control resolution will be halved for each increment; // at zero value, there are 128 effective control positions. #define SOFT_PWM_SCALE 0 // M240 Triggers a camera by emulating a Canon RC-1 Remote // Data from: http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/rc-1_hacked/ // #define PHOTOGRAPH_PIN 23 // SF send wrong arc g-codes when using Arc Point as fillet procedure //#define SF_ARC_FIX // Support for the BariCUDA Paste Extruder. //#define BARICUDA //define BlinkM/CyzRgb Support //#define BLINKM /*********************************************************************\ * C SERVO support * Sponsored by TrinityLabs, Reworked by codexmas **********************************************************************/ // Number of servos // // If you select a configuration below, this will receive a default value and does not need to be set manually // set it manually if you have more servos than extruders and wish to manually control some // leaving it undefined or defining as 0 will disable the servo subsystem // If unsure, leave commented / disabled // //#define NUM_SERVOS 3 // Servo index starts with 0 for M280 command // Servo Endstops // // This allows for servo actuated endstops, primary usage is for the Z Axis to eliminate calibration or bed height changes. // Use M206 command to correct for switch height offset to actual nozzle height. Store that setting with M500. // //#define SERVO_ENDSTOPS {-1, -1, 0} // Servo index for X, Y, Z. Disable with -1 //#define SERVO_ENDSTOP_ANGLES {0,0, 0,0, 70,0} // X,Y,Z Axis Extend and Retract angles /**********************************************************************\ * Support for a filament diameter sensor * Also allows adjustment of diameter at print time (vs at slicing) * Single extruder only at this point (extruder 0) * * Motherboards * 34 - RAMPS1.4 - uses Analog input 5 on the AUX2 connector * 81 - Printrboard - Uses Analog input 2 on the Exp1 connector (version B,C,D,E) * 301 - Rambo - uses Analog input 3 * Note may require analog pins to be defined for different motherboards **********************************************************************/ // Uncomment below to enable //#define FILAMENT_SENSOR #define FILAMENT_SENSOR_EXTRUDER_NUM 0 //The number of the extruder that has the filament sensor (0,1,2) #define MEASUREMENT_DELAY_CM 14 //measurement delay in cm. This is the distance from filament sensor to middle of barrel #define DEFAULT_NOMINAL_FILAMENT_DIA 1.75 //Enter the diameter (in mm) of the filament generally used (3.0 mm or 1.75 mm) - this is then used in the slicer software. Used for sensor reading validation #define MEASURED_UPPER_LIMIT 3.30 //upper limit factor used for sensor reading validation in mm #define MEASURED_LOWER_LIMIT 1.90 //lower limit factor for sensor reading validation in mm #define MAX_MEASUREMENT_DELAY 20 //delay buffer size in bytes (1 byte = 1cm)- limits maximum measurement delay allowable (must be larger than MEASUREMENT_DELAY_CM and lower number saves RAM) //defines used in the code #define DEFAULT_MEASURED_FILAMENT_DIA DEFAULT_NOMINAL_FILAMENT_DIA //set measured to nominal initially //When using an LCD, uncomment the line below to display the Filament sensor data on the last line instead of status. Status will appear for 5 sec. //#define FILAMENT_LCD_DISPLAY #include "Configuration_adv.h" #include "thermistortables.h" #endif //__CONFIGURATION_H 
submitted by Robanada to 3Dprinting [link] [comments]


2015.06.24 12:28 Flonk0 Z axis and nozzle to high when printing

Hello!
I'm new to 3d printing and just put together a Sunhokey Prusa i3 acrylic.
However, after calibrating all the axis and extruder I now want to start going with the printing. But for some reason the nozzle is starting to high in the air even though I already homed the Z axis so I can barely slide a paper under the nozzle. The nozzle is almost 10mm over the bed making the prints comeout very curvy and bad. I have tried different slicers. Is it something in my Marlin code I have missed? Or is it some slicer config I should look after?
Im attaching my configuration.h
Looking forward to starting printing! Thanks in advance!

ifndef CONFIGURATION_H

define CONFIGURATION_H

// This configuration file contains the basic settings. // Advanced settings can be found in Configuration_adv.h // BASIC SETTINGS: select your board type, temperature sensor type, axis scaling, and endstop configuration
//=========================================================================== //============================= DELTA Printer =============================== //=========================================================================== // For a Delta printer replace the configuration files with the files in the // example_configurations/delta directory. //
// User-specified version info of this build to display in [Pronterface, etc] terminal window during // startup. Implementation of an idea by Prof Braino to inform user that any changes made to this // build by the user have been successfully uploaded into firmware.

define STRINGVERSION_CONFIG_H __DATE_ "June 20th 2015 " TIME // build date and time

define STRING_CONFIG_H_AUTHOR "(Adam, first test)" // Who made the changes.

// SERIAL_PORT selects which serial port should be used for communication with the host. // This allows the connection of wireless adapters (for instance) to non-default port pins. // Serial port 0 is still used by the Arduino bootloader regardless of this setting.

define SERIAL_PORT 0

// This determines the communication speed of the printer // This determines the communication speed of the printer

define BAUDRATE 115200 /////////////////////////////////////

// This enables the serial port associated to the Bluetooth interface //#define BTENABLED // Enable BT interface on AT90USB devices
//// The following define selects which electronics board you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup // 10 = Gen7 custom (Alfons3 Version) "https://github.com/Alfons3/Generation_7_Electronics" // 11 = Gen7 v1.1, v1.2 = 11 // 12 = Gen7 v1.3 // 13 = Gen7 v1.4 // 2 = Cheaptronic v1.0 // 20 = Sethi 3D_1 // 3 = MEGA/RAMPS up to 1.2 = 3 // 33 = RAMPS 1.3 / 1.4 (Power outputs: Extruder, Fan, Bed) // 34 = RAMPS 1.3 / 1.4 (Power outputs: Extruder0, Extruder1, Bed) // 35 = RAMPS 1.3 / 1.4 (Power outputs: Extruder, Fan, Fan) // 4 = Duemilanove w/ ATMega328P pin assignment // 5 = Gen6 // 51 = Gen6 deluxe // 6 = Sanguinololu < 1.2 // 62 = Sanguinololu 1.2 and above // 63 = Melzi // 64 = STB V1.1 // 65 = Azteeg X1 // 66 = Melzi with ATmega1284 (MaKr3d version) // 67 = Azteeg X3 // 68 = Azteeg X3 Pro // 7 = Ultimaker // 71 = Ultimaker (Older electronics. Pre 1.5.4. This is rare) // 72 = Ultimainboard 2.x (Uses TEMP_SENSOR 20) // 77 = 3Drag Controller // 8 = Teensylu // 80 = Rumba // 81 = Printrboard (AT90USB1286) // 82 = Brainwave (AT90USB646) // 83 = SAV Mk-I (AT90USB1286) // 84 = Teensy++2.0 (AT90USB1286) // CLI compile: DEFINES=AT90USBxx_TEENSYPP_ASSIGNMENTS HARDWARE_MOTHERBOARD=84 make // 9 = Gen3+ // 70 = Megatronics // 701= Megatronics v2.0 // 702= Minitronics v1.0 // 90 = Alpha OMCA board // 91 = Final OMCA board // 301= Rambo // 21 = Elefu Ra Board (v3) // 88 = 5DPrint D8 Driver Board

ifndef MOTHERBOARD

define MOTHERBOARD 33

endif

// Define this to set a custom name for your generic Mendel, // #define CUSTOM_MENDEL_NAME "This Mendel"
// Define this to set a unique identifier for this printer, (Used by some programs to differentiate between machines) // You can use an online service to generate a random UUID. (eg http://www.uuidgenerator.net/version4) // #define MACHINE_UUID "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
// This defines the number of extruders

define EXTRUDERS 1

//// The following define selects which power supply you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup // 1 = ATX // 2 = X-Box 360 203Watts (the blue wire connected to PS_ON and the red wire to VCC)

define POWER_SUPPLY 1

// Define this to have the electronics keep the power supply off on startup. If you don't know what this is leave it. // #define PS_DEFAULT_OFF
//=========================================================================== //=============================Thermal Settings ============================ //=========================================================================== // //--NORMAL IS 4.7kohm PULLUP!-- 1kohm pullup can be used on hotend sensor, using correct resistor and table // //// Temperature sensor settings: // -2 is thermocouple with MAX6675 (only for sensor 0) // -1 is thermocouple with AD595 // 0 is not used // 1 is 100k thermistor - best choice for EPCOS 100k (4.7k pullup) // 2 is 200k thermistor - ATC Semitec 204GT-2 (4.7k pullup) // 3 is Mendel-parts thermistor (4.7k pullup) // 4 is 10k thermistor !! do not use it for a hotend. It gives bad resolution at high temp. !! // 5 is 100K thermistor - ATC Semitec 104GT-2 (Used in ParCan & J-Head) (4.7k pullup) // 6 is 100k EPCOS - Not as accurate as table 1 (created using a fluke thermocouple) (4.7k pullup) // 7 is 100k Honeywell thermistor 135-104LAG-J01 (4.7k pullup) // 71 is 100k Honeywell thermistor 135-104LAF-J01 (4.7k pullup) // 8 is 100k 0603 SMD Vishay NTCS0603E3104FXT (4.7k pullup) // 9 is 100k GE Sensing AL03006-58.2K-97-G1 (4.7k pullup) // 10 is 100k RS thermistor 198-961 (4.7k pullup) // 11 is 100k beta 3950 1% thermistor (4.7k pullup) // 12 is 100k 0603 SMD Vishay NTCS0603E3104FXT (4.7k pullup) (calibrated for Makibox hot bed) // 20 is the PT100 circuit found in the Ultimainboard V2.x // 60 is 100k Maker's Tool Works Kapton Bed Thermistor beta=3950 // // 1k ohm pullup tables - This is not normal, you would have to have changed out your 4.7k for 1k // (but gives greater accuracy and more stable PID) // 51 is 100k thermistor - EPCOS (1k pullup) // 52 is 200k thermistor - ATC Semitec 204GT-2 (1k pullup) // 55 is 100k thermistor - ATC Semitec 104GT-2 (Used in ParCan & J-Head) (1k pullup) // // 1047 is Pt1000 with 4k7 pullup // 1010 is Pt1000 with 1k pullup (non standard) // 147 is Pt100 with 4k7 pullup // 110 is Pt100 with 1k pullup (non standard) // 70 is 500C thermistor for Pico hot end

define TEMP_SENSOR_0 1

define TEMP_SENSOR_1 0

define TEMP_SENSOR_2 0

define TEMP_SENSOR_BED 1

// This makes temp sensor 1 a redundant sensor for sensor 0. If the temperatures difference between these sensors is to high the print will be aborted. //#define TEMP_SENSOR_1_AS_REDUNDANT

define MAX_REDUNDANT_TEMP_SENSOR_DIFF 10

// Actual temperature must be close to target for this long before M109 returns success

define TEMP_RESIDENCY_TIME 10 // (seconds)

define TEMP_HYSTERESIS 3 // (degC) range of +/- temperatures considered "close" to the target one

define TEMP_WINDOW 1 // (degC) Window around target to start the residency timer x degC early.

// The minimal temperature defines the temperature below which the heater will not be enabled It is used // to check that the wiring to the thermistor is not broken. // Otherwise this would lead to the heater being powered on all the time.

define HEATER_0_MINTEMP 5

define HEATER_1_MINTEMP 5

define HEATER_2_MINTEMP 5

define BED_MINTEMP 5

// When temperature exceeds max temp, your heater will be switched off. // This feature exists to protect your hotend from overheating accidentally, but NOT from thermistor short/failure! // You should use MINTEMP for thermistor short/failure protection.

define HEATER_0_MAXTEMP 280 //默认是275 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿

define HEATER_1_MAXTEMP 280 //默认是275 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿

define HEATER_2_MAXTEMP 280

define BED_MAXTEMP 135 //默认是150 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿

// If your bed has low resistance e.g. .6 ohm and throws the fuse you can duty cycle it to reduce the // average current. The value should be an integer and the heat bed will be turned on for 1 interval of // HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER intervals. //#define HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER 4
// If you want the M105 heater power reported in watts, define the BED_WATTS, and (shared for all extruders) EXTRUDER_WATTS //#define EXTRUDER_WATTS (12.012.0/6.7) // P=I2/R //#define BED_WATTS (12.012.0/1.1) // P=I2/R
// PID settings: // Comment the following line to disable PID and enable bang-bang.

define PIDTEMP

define BANG_MAX 255 // limits current to nozzle while in bang-bang mode; 255=full current 默认是255 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿

define PID_MAX 255 //默认是255 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿

ifdef PIDTEMP

//#define PID_DEBUG // Sends debug data to the serial port. //#define PID_OPENLOOP 1 // Puts PID in open loop. M104/M140 sets the output power from 0 to PID_MAX #define PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE 10 // If the temperature difference between the target temperature and the actual temperature // is more then PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE then the PID will be shut off and the heater will be set to min/max. #define PID_INTEGRAL_DRIVE_MAX 255 //limit for the integral term #define K1 0.95 //smoothing factor within the PID #define PID_dT ((OVERSAMPLENR * 8.0)/(F_CPU / 64.0 / 256.0)) //sampling period of the temperature routine
// If you are using a pre-configured hotend then you can use one of the value sets by uncommenting it // Ultimaker #define DEFAULT_Kp 22.2 #define DEFAULT_Ki 1.08 #define DEFAULT_Kd 114 /* // SUNHOKEY I3 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿
#define DEFAULT_Kp 17.52 #define DEFAULT_Ki 0.62 #define DEFAULT_Kd 123.43 
*/
/*Marlin 挤出头温度控制PIDå€¼æ ¡æ­£ æŒ¤å‡ºå¤´åŠ çƒ­å™¨ã€æ¸©åº¦æ„Ÿåº”å™¨å®‰è£…å¥½åŽï¼Œå…ˆåˆ«æ€¥è‘—ç›´æŽ¥æŒ‡å®šå·¥ä½œæ¸©åº¦å¹¶ä¸”åŠ çƒ­ã€‚å› ç‚ºæŽ§åˆ¶æ¿ä¸Šçš„æ¸©åº¦æŽ§åˆ¶PIDå‚æ•°å°šæœªæ ¡æ­£ã€‚å¦‚æžœåŠ çƒ­é€Ÿåº¦è¿‡å¿«ï¼Œæœ‰å¯èƒ½ä¼šåŠ çƒ­è¿‡åº¦å¹¶ä¸”å¯¼è‡´é›¶ä»¶çƒ§æ¯ã€‚
Marlin 有提供 PID å‚æ•°è‡ªåŠ¨æ ¡æ­£çš„åŠŸèƒ½ (PID Autotune)
åŠ çƒ­å™¨ã€æ¸©åº¦æ„Ÿåº”å™¨çº¿è·¯æŽ¥å¦¥åŽï¼Œæ‰§è¡ŒG-code "M303 C8 S175" (自动调整PID参数,温度震盪8æ¬¡åŽåœæ­¢ï¼Œç›®æ ‡æ¸©åº¦175度。)。
若收到错误讯息"PID Autotune failed! Temperature too high"ï¼Œä»£è¡¨åˆå§‹æµ‹è¯•æ¡ä»¶ä¼šè®©æ¸©åº¦è¶…å‡ºç›®æ ‡æ¸©åº¦20度。这时候需要修正韧体中的PID_MAX(åŠ çƒ­å¤´æœ€é«˜ç”µæµä¸Šé™)。请修改Configuration.h中的PID_MAX(譬如改為原本的一半),然后重新烧录韧体后,再回到上个步骤做 "M303 C8 S175"。如果重复测试后温度上不去,请提高PID_MAX。如果温度还是衝过头,请继续降低PID_MAX。
待收到 "PID Autotune finished! Put the Kp, Ki and Kd constants into Configuration.h" 的讯息,请用测试过程中最后一轮的 Kp, Ki and Kd 值,替换掉 Configuration.h 中的 DEFAULT_Kp, DEFAULT_Ki å’Œ DEFAULT_Kdã€‚ä¹‹åŽé‡æ–°çƒ§å½•éŸ§ä½“ï¼Œå®ŒæˆæŒ¤å‡ºå¤´æ¸©åº¦æŽ§åˆ¶æ ¡æ­£ã€‚*/
// MakerGear // #define DEFAULT_Kp 7.0 // #define DEFAULT_Ki 0.1 // #define DEFAULT_Kd 12
// Mendel Parts V9 on 12V // #define DEFAULT_Kp 63.0 // #define DEFAULT_Ki 2.25 // #define DEFAULT_Kd 440

endif // PIDTEMP

// Bed Temperature Control // Select PID or bang-bang with PIDTEMPBED. If bang-bang, BED_LIMIT_SWITCHING will enable hysteresis // // Uncomment this to enable PID on the bed. It uses the same frequency PWM as the extruder. // If your PID_dT above is the default, and correct for your hardware/configuration, that means 7.689Hz, // which is fine for driving a square wave into a resistive load and does not significantly impact you FET heating. // This also works fine on a Fotek SSR-10DA Solid State Relay into a 250W heater. // If your configuration is significantly different than this and you don't understand the issues involved, you probably // shouldn't use bed PID until someone else verifies your hardware works. // If this is enabled, find your own PID constants below. //#define PIDTEMPBED // //#define BED_LIMIT_SWITCHING
// This sets the max power delivered to the bed, and replaces the HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER option. // all forms of bed control obey this (PID, bang-bang, bang-bang with hysteresis) // setting this to anything other than 255 enables a form of PWM to the bed just like HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER did, // so you shouldn't use it unless you are OK with PWM on your bed. (see the comment on enabling PIDTEMPBED)

define MAX_BED_POWER 255 // limits duty cycle to bed; 255=full current //默认是255 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿

ifdef PIDTEMPBED

//120v 250W silicone heater into 4mm borosilicate (MendelMax 1.5+) //from FOPDT model - kp=.39 Tp=405 Tdead=66, Tc set to 79.2, aggressive factor of .15 (vs .1, 1, 10) #define DEFAULT_bedKp 10.00 #define DEFAULT_bedKi .023 #define DEFAULT_bedKd 305.4//默认 修改日期2014-8-27 少鸿 /* #define DEFAULT_bedKp 733.07 #define DEFAULT_bedKi 136.41 #define DEFAULT_bedKd 984.88*/
//120v 250W silicone heater into 4mm borosilicate (MendelMax 1.5+) //from pidautotune // #define DEFAULT_bedKp 97.1 // #define DEFAULT_bedKi 1.41 // #define DEFAULT_bedKd 1675.16
// FIND YOUR OWN: "M303 E-1 C8 S90" to run autotune on the bed at 90 degreesC for 8 cycles.

endif // PIDTEMPBED

//this prevents dangerous Extruder moves, i.e. if the temperature is under the limit //can be software-disabled for whatever purposes by

define PREVENT_DANGEROUS_EXTRUDE

//if PREVENT_DANGEROUS_EXTRUDE is on, you can still disable (uncomment) very long bits of extrusion separately.

define PREVENT_LENGTHY_EXTRUDE

define EXTRUDE_MINTEMP 10

define EXTRUDE_MAXLENGTH (X_MAX_LENGTH+Y_MAX_LENGTH) //prevent extrusion of very large distances.

//=========================================================================== //=============================Mechanical Settings=========================== //===========================================================================
// Uncomment the following line to enable CoreXY kinematics // #define COREXY
// coarse Endstop Settings

define ENDSTOPPULLUPS // Comment this out (using // at the start of the line) to disable the endstop pullup resistors

ifndef ENDSTOPPULLUPS

// fine endstop settings: Individual pullups. will be ignored if ENDSTOPPULLUPS is defined // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMAX // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMAX // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMAX // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMIN // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMIN // #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMIN

endif

ifdef ENDSTOPPULLUPS

#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMAX #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMAX #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMAX #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMIN #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMIN #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMIN

endif

// The pullups are needed if you directly connect a mechanical endswitch between the signal and ground pins. const bool X_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Y_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Z_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool X_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Y_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. const bool Z_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop. //#define DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS //#define DISABLE_MIN_ENDSTOPS
// Disable max endstops for compatibility with endstop checking routine

if defined(COREXY) && !defined(DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS)

#define DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS

endif

// For Inverting Stepper Enable Pins (Active Low) use 0, Non Inverting (Active High) use 1

define X_ENABLE_ON 0

define Y_ENABLE_ON 0

define Z_ENABLE_ON 0

define E_ENABLE_ON 0 // For all extruders

// Disables axis when it's not being used.

define DISABLE_X false

define DISABLE_Y false

define DISABLE_Z false

define DISABLE_E false // For all extruders

define DISABLE_INACTIVE_EXTRUDER true //disable only inactive extruders and keep active extruder enabled

define INVERT_X_DIR true // for Mendel set to false, for Orca set to true //æ ¹æ®ä½ çš„æœºæ¢°æƒ…å†µï¼Œä¿®æ”¹è¿™å‡ ä¸ªå‚æ•°ï¼Œä¿®æ”¹åŽç”µæœºæ–¹å‘ä¼šåè½¬

define INVERT_Y_DIR true // for Mendel set to true, for Orca set to false

define INVERT_Z_DIR true // for Mendel set to false, for Orca set to true

define INVERT_E0_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false

define INVERT_E1_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false

define INVERT_E2_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false

// ENDSTOP SETTINGS: // Sets direction of endstops when homing; 1=MAX, -1=MIN

define X_HOME_DIR -1

define Y_HOME_DIR -1

define Z_HOME_DIR -1

define min_software_endstops true // If true, axis won't move to coordinates less than HOME_POS.

define max_software_endstops true // If true, axis won't move to coordinates greater than the defined lengths below.

// Travel limits after homing

define X_MAX_POS 200

define X_MIN_POS 0

define Y_MAX_POS 200

define Y_MIN_POS 0

define Z_MAX_POS 180

define Z_MIN_POS 0

define X_MAX_LENGTH (X_MAX_POS - X_MIN_POS)

define Y_MAX_LENGTH (Y_MAX_POS - Y_MIN_POS)

define Z_MAX_LENGTH (Z_MAX_POS - Z_MIN_POS)

//============================= Bed Auto Leveling ===========================
//#define ENABLE_AUTO_BED_LEVELING // Delete the comment to enable (remove // at the start of the line)

ifdef ENABLE_AUTO_BED_LEVELING

// There are 2 different ways to pick the X and Y locations to probe:
// - "grid" mode // Probe every point in a rectangular grid // You must specify the rectangle, and the density of sample points // This mode is preferred because there are more measurements. // It used to be called ACCURATE_BED_LEVELING but "grid" is more descriptive
// - "3-point" mode // Probe 3 arbitrary points on the bed (that aren't colinear) // You must specify the X & Y coordinates of all 3 points
#define AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID // with AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID, the bed is sampled in a // AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID_POINTSxAUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID_POINTS grid // and least squares solution is calculated // Note: this feature occupies 10'206 byte #ifdef AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID
// set the rectangle in which to probe #define LEFT_PROBE_BED_POSITION 15 #define RIGHT_PROBE_BED_POSITION 170 #define BACK_PROBE_BED_POSITION 180 #define FRONT_PROBE_BED_POSITION 20 // set the number of grid points per dimension // I wouldn't see a reason to go above 3 (=9 probing points on the bed) #define AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID_POINTS 2 
#else // not AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID // with no grid, just probe 3 arbitrary points. A simple cross-product // is used to esimate the plane of the print bed
 #define ABL_PROBE_PT_1_X 15 #define ABL_PROBE_PT_1_Y 180 #define ABL_PROBE_PT_2_X 15 #define ABL_PROBE_PT_2_Y 20 #define ABL_PROBE_PT_3_X 170 #define ABL_PROBE_PT_3_Y 20 
#endif // AUTO_BED_LEVELING_GRID
// these are the offsets to the probe relative to the extruder tip (Hotend - Probe) #define X_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER -25 #define Y_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER -29 #define Z_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER 0
#define Z_RAISE_BEFORE_HOMING 4 // (in mm) Raise Z before homing (G28) for Probe Clearance. // Be sure you have this distance over your Z_MAX_POS in case
#define XY_TRAVEL_SPEED 4000 // X and Y axis travel speed between probes, in mm/min
#define Z_RAISE_BEFORE_PROBING 0 //How much the extruder will be raised before traveling to the first probing point. #define Z_RAISE_BETWEEN_PROBINGS 0 //How much the extruder will be raised when traveling from between next probing points
//If defined, the Probe servo will be turned on only during movement and then turned off to avoid jerk //The value is the delay to turn the servo off after powered on - depends on the servo speed; 300ms is good value, but you can try lower it. // You MUST HAVE the SERVO_ENDSTOPS defined to use here a value higher than zero otherwise your code will not compile.
// #define PROBE_SERVO_DEACTIVATION_DELAY 300
//If you have enabled the Bed Auto Leveling and are using the same Z Probe for Z Homing, //it is highly recommended you let this Z_SAFE_HOMING enabled!!!
#define Z_SAFE_HOMING // This feature is meant to avoid Z homing with probe outside the bed area. // When defined, it will: // - Allow Z homing only after X and Y homing AND stepper drivers still enabled // - If stepper drivers timeout, it will need X and Y homing again before Z homing // - Position the probe in a defined XY point before Z Homing when homing all axis (G28) // - Block Z homing only when the probe is outside bed area.
#ifdef Z_SAFE_HOMING
#define Z_SAFE_HOMING_X_POINT (X_MAX_LENGTH/2) // X point for Z homing when homing all axis (G28) #define Z_SAFE_HOMING_Y_POINT (Y_MAX_LENGTH/2) // Y point for Z homing when homing all axis (G28) 
#endif

endif // ENABLE_AUTO_BED_LEVELING

// The position of the homing switches //#define MANUALHOME_POSITIONS // If defined, MANUAL*_HOME_POS below will be used //#define BED_CENTER_AT_0_0 // If defined, the center of the bed is at (X=0, Y=0)
//Manual homing switch locations: // For deltabots this means top and center of the Cartesian print volume.

define MANUAL_X_HOME_POS 0

define MANUAL_Y_HOME_POS 0

define MANUAL_Z_HOME_POS 0

//#define MANUAL_Z_HOME_POS 402 // For delta: Distance between nozzle and print surface after homing.
//// MOVEMENT SETTINGS //ä¸Šé¢é…ç½®ä¸ºå›žåŽŸç‚¹çš„é€Ÿåº¦ï¼Œå¯æ ¹æ®å®žé™…æƒ…å†µåšç›¸åº”è°ƒæ•´

define NUM_AXIS 4 // The axis order in all axis related arrays is X, Y, Z, E

define HOMING_FEEDRATE {5060, 5060, 4*60, 0} // set the homing speeds (mm/min)

// default settings //ä¸‹é¢çš„å‚æ•°éžå¸¸é‡è¦ï¼Œå…³ç³»åˆ°æ‰“å°æœºæ˜¯å¦èƒ½å¤Ÿæ‰“å°å‡ºæ­£ç¡®çš„å°ºå¯¸ï¼Œéœ€è¦æ ¹æ®ä½ ä½¿ç”¨çš„åŒæ­¥å¸¦ï¼ŒåŒæ­¥è½®ï¼Œä¸æ†ç­‰å‚æ•°è¿›è¡Œè®¡ç®—ï¼Œæˆ–æ ¹æ®ä¸‹é¢æ•°æ®åšç­‰æ¯”ä¾‹è°ƒæ•´ã€‚

define DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT {80,80,4000,94.5} // default steps per unit for Ultimaker //I3 j

define DEFAULT_MAX_FEEDRATE {100, 100, 5, 50} // (mm/sec)

define DEFAULT_MAX_ACCELERATION {5000,5000,90,10000} // X, Y, Z, E maximum start speed for accelerated moves. E default values are good for Skeinforge 40+, for older versions raise them a lot.

//#define DEFAULT_MAX_ACCELERATION {9000,9000,100,10000} //默认参数

define DEFAULT_ACCELERATION 950 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s2 for printing moves

define DEFAULT_RETRACT_ACCELERATION 950 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s2 for retracts

//#define DEFAULT_ACCELERATION 3000 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s2 for printing moves //#define DEFAULT_RETRACT_ACCELERATION 3000 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s2 for retracts
// Offset of the extruders (uncomment if using more than one and relying on firmware to position when changing). // The offset has to be X=0, Y=0 for the extruder 0 hotend (default extruder). // For the other hotends it is their distance from the extruder 0 hotend. // #define EXTRUDER_OFFSET_X {0.0, 20.00} // (in mm) for each extruder, offset of the hotend on the X axis // #define EXTRUDER_OFFSET_Y {0.0, 5.00} // (in mm) for each extruder, offset of the hotend on the Y axis
// The speed change that does not require acceleration (i.e. the software might assume it can be done instantaneously)

define DEFAULT_XYJERK 20.0 // (mm/sec)

define DEFAULT_ZJERK 0.4 // (mm/sec)

define DEFAULT_EJERK 5.0 // (mm/sec)

//=========================================================================== //=============================Additional Features=========================== //===========================================================================
// Custom M code points //#define CUSTOM_M_CODES

ifdef CUSTOM_M_CODES

#define CUSTOM_M_CODE_SET_Z_PROBE_OFFSET 851 #define Z_PROBE_OFFSET_RANGE_MIN 0 #define Z_PROBE_OFFSET_RANGE_MAX 0

endif

// EEPROM // The microcontroller can store settings in the EEPROM, e.g. max velocity... // M500 - stores parameters in EEPROM // M501 - reads parameters from EEPROM (if you need reset them after you changed them temporarily). // M502 - reverts to the default "factory settings". You still need to store them in EEPROM afterwards if you want to. //define this to enable EEPROM support //#define EEPROM_SETTINGS //to disable EEPROM Serial responses and decrease program space by ~1700 byte: comment this out: // please keep turned on if you can. //#define EEPROM_CHITCHAT
// Preheat Constants

define PLA_PREHEAT_HOTEND_TEMP 180

define PLA_PREHEAT_HPB_TEMP 70

define PLA_PREHEAT_FAN_SPEED 255 // Insert Value between 0 and 255

define ABS_PREHEAT_HOTEND_TEMP 240

define ABS_PREHEAT_HPB_TEMP 100

define ABS_PREHEAT_FAN_SPEED 255 // Insert Value between 0 and 255

//LCD and SD support //#define ULTRA_LCD //general LCD support, also 16x2 //#define DOGLCD // Support for SPI LCD 128x64 (Controller ST7565R graphic Display Family) //#define SDSUPPORT // Enable SD Card Support in Hardware Console //#define SDSLOW // Use slower SD transfer mode (not normally needed - uncomment if you're getting volume init error) //#define SD_CHECK_AND_RETRY // Use CRC checks and retries on the SD communication //#define ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP 1 // Increase if you have a high resolution encoder //#define ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM 5 // Set according to ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP or your liking //#define ULTIMAKERCONTROLLER //as available from the Ultimaker online store. //#define ULTIPANEL //the UltiPanel as on Thingiverse //#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_HZ 1000 // this is the tone frequency the buzzer plays when on UI feedback. ie Screen Click //#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_DURATION_MS 100 // the duration the buzzer plays the UI feedback sound. ie Screen Click
// The MaKr3d Makr-Panel with graphic controller and SD support // http://reprap.org/wiki/MaKr3d_MaKrPanel //#define MAKRPANEL
// The RepRapDiscount Smart Controller (white PCB) // http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRapDiscount_Smart_Controller

define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER

// The GADGETS3D G3D LCD/SD Controller (blue PCB) // http://reprap.org/wiki/RAMPS_1.3/1.4_GADGETS3D_Shield_with_Panel //#define G3D_PANEL
// The RepRapDiscount FULL GRAPHIC Smart Controller (quadratic white PCB) // http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRapDiscount_Full_Graphic_Smart_Controller // // ==> REMEMBER TO INSTALL U8glib to your ARDUINO library folder: http://code.google.com/p/u8glib/wiki/u8glib //#define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_FULL_GRAPHIC_SMART_CONTROLLER
// The RepRapWorld REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD v1.1 // http://reprapworld.com/?products_details&products_id=202&cPath=1591_1626 //#define REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD //#define REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD_MOVE_STEP 10.0 // how much should be moved when a key is pressed, eg 10.0 means 10mm per click
// The Elefu RA Board Control Panel // http://www.elefu.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=53 // REMEMBER TO INSTALL LiquidCrystal_I2C.h in your ARUDINO library folder: https://github.com/kiyoshigawa/LiquidCrystal_I2C //#define RA_CONTROL_PANEL
//automatic expansion

if defined (MAKRPANEL)

#define DOGLCD #define SDSUPPORT #define ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL #define DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST 17

endif

if defined (REPRAP_DISCOUNT_FULL_GRAPHIC_SMART_CONTROLLER)

#define DOGLCD #define U8GLIB_ST7920 #define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER

endif

if defined(ULTIMAKERCONTROLLER) defined(REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER) defined(G3D_PANEL)

#define ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL

endif

if defined(REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD)

#define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL

endif

if defined(RA_CONTROL_PANEL)

#define ULTIPANEL #define NEWPANEL #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_PCA8574 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x27 // I2C Address of the port expander

endif

//I2C PANELS
//#define LCD_I2C_SAINSMART_YWROBOT

ifdef LCD_I2C_SAINSMART_YWROBOT

// This uses the LiquidCrystal_I2C library ( https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/wiki/Home ) // Make sure it is placed in the Arduino libraries directory. #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_PCF8575 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x27 // I2C Address of the port expander #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL

endif

// PANELOLU2 LCD with status LEDs, separate encoder and click inputs //#define LCD_I2C_PANELOLU2

ifdef LCD_I2C_PANELOLU2

// This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later ( https://github.com/lincomatic/LiquidTWI2 ) // Make sure the LiquidTWI2 directory is placed in the Arduino or Sketchbook libraries subdirectory. // (v1.2.3 no longer requires you to define PANELOLU in the LiquidTWI2.h library header file) // Note: The PANELOLU2 encoder click input can either be directly connected to a pin // (if BTN_ENC defined to != -1) or read through I2C (when BTN_ENC == -1). #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_MCP23017 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x20 // I2C Address of the port expander #define LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER //comment out to disable buzzer on LCD //LCD fm蜂鸣器 #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL
#ifndef ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP #define ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP 4 #endif
#ifndef ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM #define ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM 1 #endif
#ifdef LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER #define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_HZ 1000 #define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_DURATION_MS 100 #endif

endif

// Panucatt VIKI LCD with status LEDs, integrated click & L/RP buttons, separate encoder inputs //#define LCD_I2C_VIKI

ifdef LCD_I2C_VIKI

// This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later ( https://github.com/lincomatic/LiquidTWI2 ) // Make sure the LiquidTWI2 directory is placed in the Arduino or Sketchbook libraries subdirectory. // Note: The pause/stop/resume LCD button pin should be connected to the Arduino // BTN_ENC pin (or set BTN_ENC to -1 if not used) #define LCD_I2C_TYPE_MCP23017 #define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x20 // I2C Address of the port expander #define LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER //comment out to disable buzzer on LCD (requires LiquidTWI2 v1.2.3 or later) #define NEWPANEL #define ULTIPANEL

endif

// Shift register panels // --------------------- // 2 wire Non-latching LCD SR from: // https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/wiki/schematics#!shiftregister-connection //#define SR_LCD

ifdef SR_LCD

#define SR_LCD_2W_NL // Non latching 2 wire shift register //#define NEWPANEL

endif

ifdef ULTIPANEL

// #define NEWPANEL //enable this if you have a click-encoder panel #define SDSUPPORT #define ULTRA_LCD #ifdef DOGLCD // Change number of lines to match the DOG graphic display #define LCD_WIDTH 20 #define LCD_HEIGHT 5 #else #define LCD_WIDTH 20 #define LCD_HEIGHT 4 #endif

else //no panel but just LCD

#ifdef ULTRA_LCD #ifdef DOGLCD // Change number of lines to match the 128x64 graphics display #define LCD_WIDTH 20 #define LCD_HEIGHT 5 #else #define LCD_WIDTH 16 #define LCD_HEIGHT 2 #endif #endif

endif

// default LCD contrast for dogm-like LCD displays

ifdef DOGLCD

ifndef DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST

define DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST 32

endif

endif

// Increase the FAN pwm frequency. Removes the PWM noise but increases heating in the FET/Arduino //#define FAST_PWM_FAN
// Temperature status LEDs that display the hotend and bet temperature. // If all hotends and bed temperature and temperature setpoint are < 54C then the BLUE led is on. // Otherwise the RED led is on. There is 1C hysteresis. //#define TEMP_STAT_LEDS
// Use software PWM to drive the fan, as for the heaters. This uses a very low frequency // which is not ass annoying as with the hardware PWM. On the other hand, if this frequency // is too low, you should also increment SOFT_PWM_SCALE. //#define FAN_SOFT_PWM
// Incrementing this by 1 will double the software PWM frequency, // affecting heaters, and the fan if FAN_SOFT_PWM is enabled. // However, control resolution will be halved for each increment; // at zero value, there are 128 effective control positions.

define SOFT_PWM_SCALE 0

// M240 Triggers a camera by emulating a Canon RC-1 Remote // Data from: http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/rc-1_hacked/ // #define PHOTOGRAPH_PIN 23
// SF send wrong arc g-codes when using Arc Point as fillet procedure //#define SF_ARC_FIX
// Support for the BariCUDA Paste Extruder. //#define BARICUDA
//define BlinkM/CyzRgb Support //#define BLINKM
/******************************************************************\ * C SERVO support * Sponsored by TrinityLabs, Reworked by codexmas *******************************************************************/
// Number of servos // // If you select a configuration below, this will receive a default value and does not need to be set manually // set it manually if you have more servos than extruders and wish to manually control some // leaving it undefined or defining as 0 will disable the servo subsystem // If unsure, leave commented / disabled // //#define NUM_SERVOS 3 // Servo index starts with 0 for M280 command
// Servo Endstops // // This allows for servo actuated endstops, primary usage is for the Z Axis to eliminate calibration or bed height changes. // Use M206 command to correct for switch height offset to actual nozzle height. Store that setting with M500. // //#define SERVO_ENDSTOPS {-1, -1, 0} // Servo index for X, Y, Z. Disable with -1 //#define SERVO_ENDSTOP_ANGLES {0,0, 0,0, 70,0} // X,Y,Z Axis Extend and Retract angles

include "Configuration_adv.h"

include "thermistortables.h"

endif //__CONFIGURATION_H

submitted by Flonk0 to 3Dprinting [link] [comments]


2015.04.01 16:47 Sakata_Kintoki Volume 77 SBS

Only have pictures for now. Will post translation when it's up.
Pictures from Rio Poneglyph at OroJackson (extra page added at the end)
Pandaman for those of you interested
Ages and Heights:
Sabo: 187 cm and 22 years old
Koala: 160 cm and 23 years old
Hack: 280 cm and 38 years old (Oda agreed to august 9th being Hack's birthday (Ha - 8, Kku - 9)
From Sandman at AP Forums:
It seems Sugar and Monet are sisters. They joined Donquixote family when thy are 9 and 17 years old. Their devil fruits were given to them after they joined Donquixote family. Doflamingo invited them since the sisiters were very unhappy.
This is Uholicia
From Rio (in regards to the page about BnH):
Seems Kohei (BnHA's mangaka) had a drawing of Smoker in the Usopp Gallery of vol.23.
Roci's birthday is July.15 because of the similar pronunciation of his name (silent Corazon) with the date.
Changes in the Volume:
From Redon: Donquijote was changed to Donquixote
Full SBS translation by Rio Poneglyph at OroJackson:
Full translation by myself: (forgive me if there's any typos...)
Inside cover:
If add some sort of cyclone equipment on figure skaters or ballet dancers when they spin, they'll either fly or drill into the ground. And if they have them in their asses, they can do high-speed spins, but that thing will drop out. By doing so, it will solve the constipation problem. Therefore, the cyclone-like vol.77! Guru-guru spinning start!
D: SBS sta... Forget it...
O: You sure...? Alright, SBS starts. Have a look at this, this a drawing of Smoker in vol.23 Usopp Gallery by a reader, it's 10 years ago! And the artist of that is the amazing mangaka of a popular Jump series 'Boku no Hero Academia', himself came and told me that at new-year Jump event. You shoulve've let me know earlier, I'll cheer for you.
D: Oda-sensei ate the Ero Ero no Mi, is that why you draw Nami's and Robin's breasts that big? Please make my mother's and sister's breasts bigger. Also my penis... (Pen-name: Idle Idle no Mi user, 8 years old...)
O: I once did eat a distasteful fruit among other desserts. And ever since, I've become like this... Oy, what's this! How rude! I sincerely hope that everything of your family members will be bigger than their bodies. (lol)
D: Oda-chi, there's a panel in ch.754, Kinemon and Kanjuro's conversation (Kanjuro asks Kinemon if he wants to eat the lettuce and Kinemon replys it will hurt his bowel) is a reference to Rakugo right? (Rakugo is a form of Japanese verbal entertainment.)
O: Yeah, including the sparrow drawn by Kanjuro, they're funny puns. (Then Oda named a lot of Rakugo performers...) It's very interesting, but I guess no one likes it. (cry)
D: Isnt the scar on Sabo's face from a battle with me?
O: No.
D: Question, the Corazon logo on the back of Law's coat, doesnt it mean the Cora-san that Law likes the most? And is that coat specially customized for Law?
O: Yes. (And Oda explains the obvious that you all know.)
D: Is Rocinante's name from Cervantes's novel? It's the name of protagonist's horse.
O: Don Quixote, right? A funny chivalry story as irony and satire to the society. Let me annotate it in detail! I named him randomly. (lol)
D: Will Gladius's penis inflate?
O: Yes, terrifying. (lol)
D: How old is Corazon? Why wasnt Sugar there at the Donquixote family dinner party?
O: He's 2 years younger than Doflamingo, died at the age of 26. Monet(17) and Sugar(9) are sisters saved by Doflamingo from terrible environment. They joined the family after that incident, were later given the DFs, and had the resolve to give up their lives for the family. Doflamingo did pay great attention to the environment people were living in.
D: Oda-chi, I did palmistry for Luffy, and he's got the 'world-conquering' one cos it has the so-called 'masukake line', linking the lines of wisdom and affection together. Oda's a genius who thought of this kind of thing when designing a character, it also explains why Luffy has CoC.
O: That... that's right! A person like me, who wouldve... thought of that... from the start. Luffy must have a hand like that. 'masu...masukake line' right? Glad you noticed that! (lol)
D: Oda-chan, after one bite of the DF and someone else eats the rest, will he be a DF user as well? Please tell me!
O: No. The moment of one (first) bite, DF ability will only be possessed by that (and only) person who bit it. DFs are merely distasteful fruits after that, but people arent aware of that, so they usually finish it all.
D: Please tell me the heights and ages of Sabo, Koala and Haku and what type of fishman Haku is. BTW, is Haku's birthday Aug.9 alright? (Oda: alright.)
O: Sabo, 187cm, 22; Koala, 160cm, 23; Haku, 280cm, 38. Haku is (uhh...) Japanese soldierfish (Ostichthys japonicus).
D: Congratulations to Sai and Baby5 for their marriage. Just wondering what kind of woman is Sai's fiance, Uhorisia?
O: I heard that she has pretty hair and canthus.
D: Hi, Oda-san. One question about Bartolomeo, you said his barrier has limit, so what's the max bari bari?
O: Good question. The area and number of the barrier he can release at one time is limited, the max area of one barrier is 50k bari bari, isnt it awesome? And 1 bari bari is 100 times 1 pori bari bari, meanging its defense is 500 tsuke mono pori pori bari bari. (nonsense talking from Oda... lol)
D: In ch.765, the island where Corazon and Law were on seems like Noland's homeland, Lvneel Kingdom. Does that mean Corazon brought Law there with the intention of overcoming the amber Lead poisoning by going to a country that had a similar illness (tree fever) and overcome it? I cant help crying just thinking that, please give me a napkin.
O: Right, it's indeed. Scenery has been kept well there. Didnt know one can think like that, I start crying, too. Corazon is really a good guy. (cry)
D: Corazon's birthday is July.15! (the pronunciation of 'silent Corazon' is similar to that date.)
O: Is that so? Okay, seems so. Then that's it, SBS ends here. Make sure have a go to the Tokyo One Piece Tower! See you in next volume!
submitted by Sakata_Kintoki to OnePiece [link] [comments]


2013.11.07 05:24 ilovemud NYC Marathon Race Report. PR

Runnit, here are the vital statistics: This was my second marathon Time: 4:05:09 (PR by 0:53:55) Training method, modified Hanson Race Fuel: Hammer Strength gel and NUUN/SaltStick (I pass a lot of salt) Shoes: New Balance Minimus MR00 (yep, a little minimal for this distance)
Background I did my first marathon three years ago in Chicago. When I moved there it was too flat and too urban for mountain biking so I took to running the lake front and a bunch of friends trained in parallel. I felt good going into it but the weather was dry but super hot. It was not a nice experience and I ran 4:59:54. I was not happy with that time and knew I was capable of better. So I entered the NYC lottery and got in on my first shot for 2011. Well, my wife had baby in August and with all of that it sort of killed my training so I dropped out. I had to drop out again in 2012 and the race didn't go anyway. I decided 2013 would be the year. Over those two years I had gained about 20 pounds. Baby weight has a way of falling off the mother and finding a home on the father (Dads, you know what I am saying). So now I am registered and now like 700 bucks into this race and I am doing it no matter what.
Training I read an article linked right here on Runnit about the Hanson Method. I really liked the concept of using my fatigue as an advantage and running on my tired legs. I also liked the idea of limiting, to some extent, my pre-run fueling to enhance my fat burning (part of my weight loss hopes factored into this as well). So in July I turned up the volume slowly on my mileage and by August I was full throttle on speed work, tempo runs and long easy mileage. I can't say I really managed too many mid-week 10 mile tempo runs, but I maxed out for a few weeks in the area of high 50s a week. Some weeks, work, travel and kiddo kept me to under 20. It was not ideal, but I never put aside speed work and I live in a hilly town so I always ended long runs with the huge hill on my street that rises ~200 feet over 0.6 miles. I was prepping for the bridges, and it worked. I ran a 10 mile and a 15k race during training and they were both pace over distance PRs. I had never done an official 10 mile (8:54 pace) or 15k race (8:42 pace), and both were hilly races. So I started to think that a 4 hour marathon was something I could manage. I followed Hason in that I never did anything longer than 18 miles. They say 16, but I ran 17 and 18 both by mistake. Oh well. Three of my 5 longest runs were done without fuel, just electrolyte, and two were done as full-on, planned, painful negative splits with speed finishes (like McMillan). I was ready and while I didn't follow the plan fully, I felt good about my work-family-running balance. My wife was very supportive and very patient. My kid was also happy to come on short speedy runs in the stroller.
Pre-Race I can't carbo load. I don't like having some bomb in my gut the night before. It never leaves and I feel heavy. So I start eating a good bit more starting on Wednesday. Mostly sweet potatoes and green smoothies as extra chow (banana, apple, dates, milk, almond butter, spinach...yummy). Two days prior I start on the electrolytes (NUUN) to make sure I am properly hydrated and focus on carbs and a little protein. It was hot in NY on Friday and Saturday. It would have been easy to get dehydrated and I am sure it impacted a lot of people.
Race Morning So I am super lucky that I have a close family member that lives right across from the Met and neighbors who race every year in the marathon and know what to do. So we got a car down to Staten Island. Because I picked a 4:15 time three years ago and never changed that part of my profile I was not starting until 10:30. We got there at 6:00. The security was silly and not consistent. The car let us out on the highway and we walked to the entrance to the fort. There was a gear check. I had a smoothy in a Nalgene and the guy said, nope can bring it in. "Dude, it is my breakfast." Nope. Moved back to chug it couldn't pound it decided to hide it in my gear bag. Worked. They looked through my bag and the guy pulled out my amphipod belt and said, "this is a bag, no bags". My first though was, "You take that from me and I will fucking kill you." I am glad the discretion is the better part of valor, and I said' "But it is my hydration belt, I need it for the race." He looked at me in the eye and waved me past. We were some of the first people there and I am sure he eventually realized that 1/3 of the of the runners have something similar.
It was fucking cold, like The Shining, freezing Jack Nicholson type of cold. I brought jeans, an old fleece, several shirts and gloves. Dunkin Donuts saved the day with super comfy fleecy hats. They were awesome. I kept mine in my shorts pockets the whole race because I wanted that hat. I had a couple of extra shirts and threw them to a German dude who was just in his race gear. He looked frozen. About 20 minutes later I regretted it, but he was way way colder than me and I was managing. People were snagging gear bags and putting them on their feet. Strangers were snuggling. Given a few more hours of this it was going to be Donner Pass. I brought a six pack of Charmin Ultra. BEST PILLOW EVER. I had a half hour nap and woke up to an entirely full Orange Wave tent. It made it warmer, but the wind was whipping most of our heat out. The tent was like the United Nations, I had fun talking with all sorts of people.
Yes, I brought a six pack of TP. I remember being the recipient of the benevolence of a stranger when waiting in line at Chicago. Everyone was reporting that the porta-johns were out of TP and the dude in front of me had a fresh roll. I was next in after him and was able to do my business freely. I really appreciated it and decided to pay it forward 6-fold. I was tossing out rolls while I waited in line to poop. It was fun. I pooped after several previous tries. I resorted to the rock back and forth method. They called for Wave 3, it was perfect timing.
The Race We all line up and slowly shuffle to the base of the bridge. What a sight. The cannon fires and Sinatra sounds. I hate Sinatra, but man do I love that song. Up the bridge we go. Holy crap it was windy. There were trash bags and hats everywhere. It was downright dangerous. I didn't even notice the hill as we were going sooo sloooowww. The view to the north was breathtaking. Manhattan and Brooklyn stretch out in front, complete with hovering NYC Police helicopter. We all ripped it down the hill at a low 8 pace. That was silly, but kind of fun.
Now it is the flats of Brooklyn and lots of fun crowds with bands and neighborhood flavor. Even the hipster flavor was alright. I really like the high-school jazz band. They had a bari-sax player. Gotta love the bari. I mostly kept my head down and kept my stride short and worked to move up past the folks who were mostly running a little slower than I wanted. Somewhere in Brooklyn I accidentally turned off my timer on my Garmin. I kept looking at my pace, but did not notice the time was stopped. Once I noticed I had no idea how far off I was. So I just decided to race by feel. Besides, the building ruin the pacing feature. It had me between 11 and 8 minutes at times when I was sure I was faster than 11 and would have felt like I was superman if I was running 8.
This race is tight. There are so many people. It is hard to run at a consistent pace. That being said, other than the first 5k. I ran 9:22 +/- 2 seconds until mile 20 with a slight negative split. I am really proud of that.
Everyone says the 59th St. Bridge is a killer. It was hard, and seemed to go on longer than I expected but I felt fine, and burned down the slope into Manhattan. Clearly a lot of folks felt it. If you are stopping at mile 15 to stretch out your calves or hamstring, you are going to have a bad time.
I really liked 1st Ave. It was fun counting up. Still though I was trying to stay focused and the miles seemed to be going by pretty fast and the hills were nothing compared to my training hills so they were fine.
Now the hill and bridge into the Bronx marked the OK, this is starting to suck, phase. I felt a few twinges of cramping in my quad but I decided that it was not real and took a salt pill. The twinge went away after a bit and I kept reminding myself to keep my stride short and quick. Seemed to work for a bit.
Now we are back in Manhattan. This is the home stretch. I kind of choked up for a second thinking about it when I saw the 5th avenue sign. I knew that nothing was going to stop me at this point. I stopped to drink at the first aid station after the Bronx and went to hit the Gu bottle but had noticed that I had not properly resealed the cap an it had spooged all down my shorts and was now dripping all down my leg. Shit. I needed that and it was making a nasty mess. So I snagged some Gatorade. By then the Gu would not have made a huge amount of difference and the liquid glucose hit of the Gatorade was probably a good thing. My pace slowed a little, about 15 seconds a mile over the last 10k.
The climb back up to Central Park was the real deal. It was one of the only hills that was concave (slope increased up the hill). The result was seeing everyone who was on the hill all the way up to the top of it. It looked insurmountable and runners were dropping like flies. However I kept going and was mostly passing people. That made me feel good. I was passing people from the previous waves with 3:45 and 4:00 pace group signs. They left a half hour before me, but it made me feel really good. Since I had no idea what my actual time was, I thought I could be close to 4 hours.
We turned into the park. I knew that my family was going to be behind the Met and that was a huge push to get up that hill and see them. Brief happy reunion at 24.5 and off I went.
Mile 25 my quads and calves at exactly the same time said HELLO, remember us? We just wanted to say, FUCK YOU. It hurt, that is all I have to say. I guess the endorphins kicked in because it was mile 25 and I was just about to turn the corner onto Central Park South because I forgot the cramps and dropped the hammer. I was burning in at 8:00ish and kept it up until about the last 200 meters.
That last hill was salt in wound, but I didn't back off much. I ran through the finish and my phone started buzzing like crazy. My family who did not make the trek had seen me on TV cross the finish, even the little one.
I had to ask my wife what my time was. 4:05:09. I am very very proud of this. I was as fast as I could have reasonably expected. I wanted to beat Paul Ryan's time, too. Next time I am going to kill it.
Epilogue Then there was the walk. What the fuck. Walk to 81st, walk back to 71st, walk to Columbus, walk up to 86th. Try to catch a cab. Nope. Buses packed like sardines. Nope. I walked back to 5th. That was like an extra two miles. I took a shower and went to the party, drank too much and stayed up until midnight with my uncle. What is wrong with me.
So I figure between all of the weaving and wide turns I probably ran and extra half mile. That right there is my 4 hour race. On a flat course I know I can go under 4. So can I go under 3:10 in two years for my BQ? Who knows. I lost 25 pounds during my training and I know weight the lowest I have in 10 years. Now I am going for the lowest in my adult life. 20 more pounds to go.
Sorry that was really long.
submitted by ilovemud to running [link] [comments]


2013.07.29 20:37 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: Hi! I am Simon Posford of the group Shpongle, amongst others. Ask me anything!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2013-07-29
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
Mr. Posford. I Just want to let you know I am a huge fan. Your music, and projects you have been involved in have been hugely influential to me. The soundscapes you have created have helped change me through the years, and for that I have always wanted to say thank you. My question is what artists and music have influenced you, or do you enjoy listening to? So many artists... we often list them in the album credits... How about i make a Spotify playlist that shares some of my influences & what i enjoy listening to?
At your NYC Shpongle LIVE show at Hammerstein ballroom on Halloween 2011, I may have gotten a bit too "Shpongled" and decided to join you and the band up on stage not once, but twice. I wrongly thought the entire show was the culmination of my whole life and that I was going to be transitioning on to another dimension once the show ended. The first time the security was really nice to me and let me back in, but in my altered state of mind I figured I should go back up for a second go. Security was not so nice this time and dragged me out leaving me to wander the streets of New York Shpongled beyond all belief. Primarily, I want to apologize for making such a rude entry into your grand production... As for my question: Do you often listen to and/or produce your own music under the influence of psychedelics? Or are you naturally attuned to creating such incredibly mind bending music without the aid of substances? I think that one is able to draw from the experiences of the past, which is enough to help inspire creativity in the present... But to work a computer whilst under the influence is too much of a Brain Bocca... so i stay off them whilst actually working.,...
Can you briefly describe the sound collection process for an album? I mean, do you go out in the street, cave, or wilderness with a microphone? I have a handheld recorder made by zoom which i take with me when i go somewhere that i suspect might contain a rich seam of sonic ore - India, Bali, Japan etc. ... And i take as many recordings as possible. With some (like in India my ex-girlfriend and i recorded the singer and various samples that made it onto Ineffable Mysteries) it works very well... other times i will get the recordings 'home' and find that it is all wind noise... and i already make plenty of that myself!
Wow, so that was an original sample! Amazing. I had always assumed it came from a sample compilation. Where did you find that singer? How did it happen? For the 1st two records we used sample CDs, but around the 3rd we decided it's much better to use only our own recordings... My ex-girlfriend and i found the singer through our rickshaw driver in Jaipur, India... we went to a local music shop and recorded what we could, before discovering the singer and inviting him back to our hotel room to record him properly... i gave him a lo string drone and a soft beat to sing along to... The story is in the CD booklet i believe...
Greetings Simon. Thank you for a great new album and a whole career of great music! You've influenced modern trance music in many ways that most listeners probably don't realize. What's your opinion on the current genre of trance and psy-trance? What do you see as the future of Shpongle and the future of Simon Posford? More big live shows at festivals? DJ sets? Something completely new? I can't really offer an opinion on the current genre of pay-trance as i don't listen to it anymore. About 10 years ago it seemed to me that the music was sort of imploding - it was all starting to sound the same with very little innovation... The same basslines, the same Kik sounds and very little unique defining character that separated not just different artists, but different tracks... Very quickly i got jaded by the scene and lost interest in music that didn't appear to be progressing anywhere new... The trance musicians in the early and mid 90s had already performed all those tricks, played those riffs, and over-used those sounds... So if you show me the current innovators, i'll be better able to answer...
Do you use entheogens while actually in the studio during production? I have done... but it has never been conducive to actually progressing with the track we are working on... it ends with me on the sofa, listening to tunes and spacing out... which is exactly what we make Shpongle for! But to actually make the music i need to be able to follow thought processes... Raj will usually give each tune "The Acid Test" when i am close to mixing it...
making first contact with an extraterrestrial species? For this i think the best way is to use a chemical key, that opens the door to other universes & dimensions, allowing you to explore for a brief time... although it is difficult to bring back the treasures you can find there...
What's your normal life like? Is it like the average persons? Or do you do something different like shop at farmers markets or anything that would differentiate someone? Unremarkable. I live in a small town, i go to supermarkets buy junk food and consume it in bed while watching junk TV. Those are the good days. Other days i am racked with guilt at achieving nothing but completing a whole season of 24 on Netflix... my studio is calling but i'm not listening. Some days i'm typing absolute drivel into my laptop, humbled by the fact that a few people somewhere actually are mildly interested in what i have to say. Very occasionally i am on a stage in front of thousands of people... but that isn't really me... I'm out of my body by that point. I wish i could be out of my body when my physical form is sitting uncomfortably on a plane, about to be probed by an un-enlightened security guard who gropes people in an airport for a meagre wage. We are all the same but different... aren't we?
So what is the Kugla effect? The song titles on each album offer a lot of visual representation of the journey one goes through while listening to your music. How does that process come about? I imagine Raja Ram laying on a couch spitting out angelic banter while you're working away. That is very much how we work :) Raj fills books and books with drawings and entertains me with stories about growing up as a young Jew in Melbourne in the 40s... he tries to make me laugh & put me off my concentration, so sometimes i'll stick a microphone in front of him while he does it, to provide more sonic fodder for the track. He once told me about a housekeeper his family had called Mrs Kugla who cooked with preposterous amounts of oil... Even to boil an egg she would use pints of the stuff... One evening Raj decided to cook dinner at my house, and whilst it was delicious, he had definitely studied at Mrs Kugla's school of cooking... i started calling him "Mrs Kugla" as a joke. There are many boring hours during the making of an album, where i am engrossed in programming on the computer and Raj is clearly getting impatient and twitchy, so he will come up with a few ridiculous song titles or anecdotes that will lead to song titles...
Any chance for us to see Rajs drawings? Sure... they are all over the CD booklet! LOL... I might photograph a few also.
What's the story of how you met Raja Ram? We met at Butterfly studios, enjoying some home-cooked Indian food with the other artists that were recording there. We became instant friends and went to many parties and festivals together, making music under a variety of names. Raj provides the inspiration and running commentary, while i compose all the parts on the computer. It's a winning combination! If i can get him to stop talking for a moment :P
He does have a way with words. He certainly does... he is a cunning linguist, you might say...
Could you please ask Raja how to grow such a majestic mustache? I believe we posted a video explaining: Link to vk.com
What psychedelic experience/drug has influenced your musical composition and creativity the most? Marijuana.
What is your favorite song you have produced? Shpongle - And the Day turned to Night. Younger Brother - Your Friends Are Scary. Hallucinogen - Shamanix.
> Shpongle - And the Day turned to Night. Younger Brother - Your Friends Are Scary. Hallucinogen - Shamanix.
Is there any truth to a US live band tour? I recall you hinted at a live show at Red Rocks during Feed the Rocks. Also, your sunrise set in the Negev Desert a couple years ago blew my mind something great. Thanks for being the man! None at all. We will never tour with the band - it's too many people, too expensive, and too complicated. But we all would love to do a couple of one-off shows in the US... Red Rocks being one of them. If we can find anything exciting, fun and different that will persuade the 13 musicians we employ in the band to all give up their day jobs for a moment (which range from touring with Further, Bjørk, playing West End shows, to writing scores for 300 musicians in Dubai) then it becomes feasible... but most of the time it's just not practical, I'm sorry.
None at all. We will never tour with the band - it's too many people, too expensive, and too complicated. But we all would love to do a couple of one-off shows in the US... Red Rocks being one of them. If we can find anything exciting, fun and different that will persuade the 13 musicians we employ in the band to all give up their day jobs for a moment (which range from touring with Further, Bjørk, playing West End shows, to writing scores for 300 musicians in Dubai) then it becomes feasible... but most of the time it's just not practical, I'm sorry.
Thanks for doing this AMA Simon! What's your favourite genre/artist that people would find surprising? Probably the album "Breakfast in America" by Supertramp... part of the soundtrack of my childhood... I've always loved The Cure since i was 13...
What inspired you to include a tribute to Pink Floyd's On the Run in your most recent album? I turned to my friend at the Atlanta show a few weeks ago and said "is that, is that Pink Floyd???" Then I hear you say something like, "here's some Pink Floyd for ya!" Good times. In Atlanta is actually was Pink Floyd... with a Kik drum underneath... I have written many tracks inspired by On The Run... it's a great piece!
When are you going be working with Ott next? Ott and i recently discussed working on something... he lives quite far away though.
Are you performing at Burning Man this year? If not, do you plan to in the future? Working on it, but it's looking unlikely right now.
How much of your music is sampled vs composed? Like are the horn parts in "my head feels like a frisbee" sampled from something else is or did you and raja compose it? That was one of the last commercially available samples we used... We probably tweaked it around quite a bit, but a couple of times i have identified the original samples on other tunes... so eventually we realised, "Wow - everybody is using samples! Let's never use them again... and only record our own stuff from now on."
Follow up: who played the bass clarinet and bari parts on ineffable mysteries? was it raja or just some virtual instrument? I wrote that on the keyboard, using Vienna Instruments for the sound.
1) You always have an awesome bass tone, usually carrying the song, what machine makes that guy? 2) Any good DMT stories? 1..Whatever is convenient... On the first album i strung a massive elastic band across a wooden chair and used that... Often i will play bass guitar, sometimes i'll play the sh101 or another synth... Moog is good... 2... Yes, loads!
Hi, Thanks for doing this! What is your creative process? To clarify: When making music, do you start with some kind of a seed, an idea, or even emotion? Or do you start de novo, trying anything and expanding it when you start to feel it? What layer do you prefer to start with (bassline? main theme?) Amost always i begin with a blank canvas. Once i've chosen a tempo and a key, i like to start with the drums, then bassline, then synths and vocals and other stuff... I'll usually work with whatever is easiest and to hand: if a synth isn't plugged in then i won't use it... but if there is a crisp packet lying around and a microphone plugged in, i'll use that... I'm fundamentally lazy.
Mr Posford, Your music uses influences from cultures from all over the world. I have never run into another shpongler in the wild here in the us.So I was wondering what countries have given you the biggest reception to your music? Where are some of your largest concerts held? Without a doubt, Israel. Then there are pockets around the world: Russia, Japan, Colorado, Hungary...
Haha awesome! Hopefully you tried out the experiment to feel your nose a few feet in front of your face. It's such an unexpected experience. Again, thanks for the new album. It's nice to hear the finished project after all of those shows on the Masquerade tour. Stay Shpongled :::) I tried the hand one many years ago... It's extremely disconcerting!
Simon, I have every album that you and your music collaborations have released. I have to admit though, I have paid for very few of them. As someone that owns your own record label what is your opinion on piracy? How do you think it has affected your music and label? Don't get me started! Really?
Simon, What is your favorite type of pie? Also, what other types of music do you listen to on the reg? 3.14159265359 ... What's the reg?
I remember seeing half a promise of a new Hallucinogen album on the Twisted forums long time ago. Will it ever happen? Thank you for being great! Bought the new album, and can't wait to see you on the Troxy in October! Half a promise yes! The truth is i don't know if i will do another Hallucinogen album... I notice with Shpongle that some people's reaction to a new album is "I'm disappointed - it doesn't sound like my favourite earlier album" or "I'm disappointed it sounds too much like earlier albums"... in any case there is so much baggage associated with previous albums that it can weigh you down, so i'm more likely to release under another name... maybe even 'Simon Posford' :)
Who are some of the newer electronic music artists that you enjoy? Depends what you mean by new... Does Delia Derbyshire count?
E: favorite ways to process vocals? Favourite was to process vocals... mmm i spend not hours doing this, but possibly days! I love processing... If i'm feeling exceptionally brave, i might dig out Kyma, otherwise it's usually plug-ins... UAD, Waves, AutoTune, SugarBytes, Reaktor... for Filtering i'll use my hardware MS20 or Moog Voyager (or the UAD moog in software), for compression my hardware Distressor or LA-3A are unbeatable... For reverb, the Eventide H3000 or Lexicon PCM 91 hardware units, or Altiverb and UAD EMT plates in software... EQ my BAE audio 1028 or Thermionic Culture Rooster cover the hardware... Software would be UAD - Never or SSL or Sony Oxford. For mangling i usually use Reaktor.
Hi Simon, You recently posted a video on your Facebook page of a Logic Pro session, I beleive it was one of your new tracks. This session had over 200 tracks in it, is this normal for you guys to produce a song with so many tracks? Yes... Normally we have between 130 - 250 tracks before either the computer or my head caves in... On one tune i remember recording 75 tracks of guitar!! Of course we only used about 12...
Is Logic what you use primarily? Do you use Ableton as well? I use Logic in the studio and Ableton on the stage.
I'm a huge fan of Shpongle and Younger Brother in particular (like tons of folks here on this IAmA). What do you think of the Israeli crowd? What do you think is the reason Twisted and Psybient in general are so insanely popular down here? My biggest fans! I think there are possibly many reasons why psy-trance took off so massively in Israel, too long to go into here... but it's to do with oppression, national service in the army, escaping authoritarianism but through a heavily bonded bunch of people that leave the army and go to places like Goa, & experience freedom and counterculture with their friends...
What does a good idea taste like? Deliciously sweet, but not sickly... slightly tangy with surprise and a full-bodied satisfaction. William James describes somebody on laughing gas or laudanum or something who discovers the secret of the Universe... He fully understood the divine plan, why we are here and the answer to everything... luckily he had a pen close by and managed to scribble down his thoughts before they were lost forever... When he finally sobered up, he rushed to see what pearls of wisdom he had captured... on a piece of paper, he had written "A smell of petroleum prevails throughout."
Is your October gig in London Troxy a full live experience like the one in the Roundhouse or a dj set like last year's Twistival? I absolutely enjoyed Twistival, but would be pretty stoked if it was a live concert! It is one of the rare full band shows...
How is your relationship with Ott currently? What is the reason he split from the Twisted Label? (I understand if you would like to refrain from answering this one) We are still friends... there were no hard feelings and Twisted are proud to part of Ott's transition from recording engineer to successful musician.
Any future plans for Shpongle? What's next, album/sound wise? Any anniversary treats coming up? We are already talking about Shpongle 6!
How did you meet Michele Adamson? What's she like? I almost ran her over with my car leaving a party. She's one of my best friends.
What do you feel like when you're playing for a group of people and you look out over the crowd and just see a ton of teenagers zoned out on ecstasy and LSD at your shows. I mean, I personally am glad that MDMA and LSD exist on this Earth because I think they can be a positive influence when used correctly by the right people, but I also know that they are abused to ridiculous, extreme lengths every single weekend at shows across America. I think you make amazing music and I wouldn't want you to stop, but has there ever been a point where you look out at your crowd and think to yourself that for once in your life you'd like a play a show to a crowd that isn't 6 pills deep and completely zoned off various amphetamines, research chemicals and piperazines? I don't mind. I certainly don't condemn people for escaping their usual reality for a few hours... It works for me :::) Everything in moderation...INCLUDING moderation! I'd rather play to a crowd on LSD, or psychedelics, than a crowd on amphetamines or stimulants.
Simon, you have influenced how my roommate and I live our life more than any other source. What sources influenced you early in life to become the producer you are today? Robert Anton Wilson. More than a particular person however, i would say it's the friends we hold dear, the natural world around us, the books we read, the music we listen to, the stories we share and the culture that we absorb that influence us... Try to dive deep into the pool of creativity that mankind has sprung... and revel in Nature and Nurture...
I have seen you perform at the aggie and the Mishawka in fort collins and i have also seen you perform at red rock. You shows are all vary unique and each had its own touch, from the black light dancers at the aggie to the masquerade set up at red rocks. You have done a lot of visual artistry with your shows. Who does the Lights for your shows? Are you a big part of the visual performance? When you set up for a show, do you mainly use turntable, or do you incorporate other gadgets into your sets? DO you also do midi controller sets? What would be a normal Sphongle DJ set up any what would be a extravagant set up? For home production i know you work closely with Raja Ram, who is Bad Ass by the way. I was wondering what recording tech. do you use, both digital and analogue(Mic's, AMP's, Synths, D.A.W.'s, vst's... ect) Do you find any Big differences between the use of analogue and Digital and how do you like to incorporate these into your producrtion style and music? I'm not a massive part of the visual look... Zebbler has done visuals for the Shpongletron tours, and Xendarboh for the Masquerade tour. On stage i use Ableton running on a laptop with an Akai MIDI controller, an SH101 analog synthesiser, Eventide Time Factor and Eventide Space FX units. I tried using an OP-1, but didn't get much joy from it. The computer runs 10 outputs into a mixing desk, which i tweak and arrange on the fly. Occasionally i'll do a DJ set with good old fashioned CDJs, but this is increasingly rare.
Lastly what tools do you use to master? Other then your ear of corse, that is always number one haha. What is your home studio like, and do you use it for mastering or do you tend to go and master at other studios? I like analogue & digital. I love my BAE audio pre-amps, Distressor compressors, Eventide, Lexicon, Sh101, OScar, SH5, Moog voyager, Arp 2600, and Alesis Quadraverb. I run Logic on a Mac. For plug-ins i use UAD, Waves, Soundtoys, Melodyne and Native Instruments.
A mastering engineer! Another set of ears is vital... and not a mix engineer, either... I use Kevin Metcalfe at Soundmasters, UK.
Who would you pick as the emissary of our species if we're ever contacted by aliens? Great question!! I'd happily send Raja Ram... the right combination of Love, Humour, Fun, knowledge of art and music, and smooth talking...
Hi Simon, I'm a huge fan (my username is part of a line from a Younger Brother song). Can't wait to hear the new album! Where has been your favorite place to play in the US? How did you and Raja Ram meet? Colorado... and I answered the Raja Ram question earlier...
Thanks for all the great music over the years, Simon! I have only one question: Where did you get the audio of that hippie guy from "Even Dwarves Start Small?" The guy who doesn't like to work too often unless it's for something groovy... That was from a documentary about The Isle of Wight festival... in the 70s i think... the sample was from a carpenter who helped build the stage. I'm sure it's on YouTube... funny documentary, complete with a desperate promoter getting on stage and telling crowd to "F*ck Off!" and warnings about bad acid etc...
How is Raj doing? :) He is good... He's going out for Pizza with his grand-daughter tonight, i believe...
What Shpongle album do you and Raja Ram sit back and listen to the most? I will usually listen to whatever i've just completed a lot, until mastering... by the time it is released i have stopped listening. Occasionally i'll hear something in someone's car, for example, years later and for the first time i'll be able to hear it without all the mistakes and errors in judgement that i was so concerned about at the time... If i was going to put on a shpongle album right now, it would be the new one...
What's some of your favorite music you're listening to right now? Trentemoller, Flanger, Placebo, massive attack... i'm into audiobooks right now... David Sedaris, Alan Partridge...
Younger Brother has been one of my favorite groups to listen to over the last couple of years. I know the vocal tracks on the Last Days of Gravity were some of the most popular. Vaccine switched to a style that was much more focused on vocals, and a more mainstream sound. Has that effected the popularity of Younger Brother? Did Ruu Campbell write a lot of the lyrics for the songs? Ruu wrote the lyrics yes. I don't know how you measure popularity... We have only ever done what inspires us at the time... back then it was Indie Bands, now it is Electronic music again... who knows where we will end up. I have little time to work on YB, with my Shpongle duties... and Benji is now CEO of a multi-million dollar app company!
Have you ever seen someone frown at a Shpongle concert? From my experience at one I believe it is the happiest environment and people you can ever be around. Still the best night of my life. No, but i don't like it when people in the front row are just staring at me like dogs being shown a card trick!
Does the Shpongle "mascot" have a name? (Kind of like how Iron Maiden's mascot is named Eddie.) We just call it "the shpongle mask"
As someone who also recently turned their project into a live band I have a few questions to ask... What is your decision process for deciding what stems you separate for the backing tracks? What performance advantages come from a 20+ channel ableton mix? Also what's your workflow like for transcribing the sheet music for the string players? -Supersillyus. Ahhh, Supersillyus! How are you doing? I like to split the stems into Kik, Bass, Hats, Drums Lo, Drums Hi, Perc Lo, Perc Hi, Synths Lead, Guitars, Vocals, Strings, Horns, FX, Pads, Synths other... i'll space it over 16 outputs into a mixer, and this allows me to mix on the fly - to mute stuff or start with different parts or whatever and to bring out certain parts. As for the score, i can't read music so Harry Escott our cello player will transcribe the string parts, and Pete Callard our guitarist will do the guitar parts. All the musicians do their own notation once we have discussed what they are going to play.
A while ago I read 'the Night Circus' by Erin Morgenstern after seeing you recommend it, and massively enjoyed it. What did you like about that book, and what else would you recommend to the Shpongled reader? I liked the magic... the atmosphere of the book. Other recommendations: anything by Robert Anton Wilson, The Dice Man by Luke Reinhardt (and the sequels), The curious incident of the dog in the night... I'm just finishing "The Sense of an Ending" which is pretty good although i'm not at the end yet...
Is the accordion sound on 'My head feels like a frisbee" a real accordion? If so what post-processing made it sound that good? I don't remember... surely the best processing for an accordion is the MUTE button...?
of all, thank you so much for the new album. It is absolutely incredible! It makes me very happy and I haven't been able to stop listening to it since we got the download early! It's really sucks that you didn't get to play at Wakarusa this year because of the storm! My question is, on Divine Moments of Truth what did you use for that amazing springy/jiggly sound around the 2:10 mark? It was a drum loop through a buckety old phaser made by AMS. I turned off the LFO and tweaked it on the fly, to try and get it in tune and flow with the song...
I know that you like exploring new genres and I've loved watching your sound evolve. However, I live in Portland, Oregon and I live for true old-school Goa and Psytrance. Twisted introduced me to electronic music and remains my favorite electronic album. Your Shpongle sets do tend to get a bit heavy towards the end, but I am wondering: Do you think you might be inspired to play a true Hallucinogen full-speed psytrance set in the Northwest USA at some point soon? I'm certainly not against performing Hallucinogen anywhere there is demand for it.
At the live Halloween show you did in NY I remember seeing you outside the venue recording on a video camera all the fans that were in line around the block. Were you gonna release any behind the scenes footage of that, or did it come out somewhere and I missed it? I'd love to reminisce!! :::) My ex threw me in a swimming pool and i lost everything on that phone :(
Will you be releasing the song you did for the Magic Ball anywhere officially? Probably not.
I know you said a US tour is not in the cards, but is there a chance/plan to do what you did last time and play a couple of shows in NY and LA? Maybe Red Rocks. I don't think Raj is interested in repeating ourselves...
What inspired you to start creating music? The urge to create...
Simon, Where do you come up with your amazingly awesome percussion patterns? It's my favorite aspect of your music. Is this done via improv instrumentation in the studio? Or preconceived in your head? Made up as i go along...
A while back, you had mentioned an interest in having a subscription service app that would give subscribers access to the stream whole Twisted catalog. Did you scrap this idea? No, it has taken off in a BIG way... Benji is now CEO of a multi-million dollar app company, and it will be used to supply content from many other people... Twisted have rather been left behind by Benji now!
Thank you for many transcendent times, especially the few times you've blessed us with unexpected visits in Atlanta! :::) Where do you go to, physically, geographically or otherwise, for inspiration and relaxation? My bed, India, New York, Tokyo, Cornwall, my studio and my fridge.
When does the Museums of Consciousness US tour start? Not yet.
Simon, What's the best book you've ever read? Also, send my regards to Raja Ram. Oh and see you in at the Troxy in October! Cosmic Trigger by RAW.
Why, why, whyyy was Shpongle not at Bisco this year!? You guys were literally the only reason I even went to year prior, and y'all never even showed up:( Because we weren't asked. Simples.
You should look into playing at the Gorge in washington, absolutely the best venue in the world. That looks amazing! I'm not sure we could fill it though...
Hello, I remember seeing you at the Masquerade on May 21, 2011 which was the supposed date of the Rapture. I remembered when you walked back up for the encore you just simply said "unlike Jesus I'm back". That was cool. Lol... wasn't the venue called "Heaven", too?
I've never stumbled upon another Shpongler in the U.S. either. I find this strange. I'm from Oklahoma...not the most cultured state in the union, but still... I've stumbled across plenty! Maybe it's the hat ;)
Last updated: 2013-08-02 12:41 UTC
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